Unfinished business: Eritrea and Ethiopia at war
The war that broke out between Eritrea and Ethiopia in May 1998 came like a bolt from the blue, as border skirmishes escalated into all out war. The two countries, which had been allies until that point, were pitched into a brutal conflict. Intense political mediation by the international community, including personal interventions by President Clinton and Kofi Annan, were unable to halt the fighting. Finally, after two and a half years, and following serious reversals for the Eritreans, a peace agreement was finally signed. A United Nations force was deployed to the region to hold the line, while the border was being demarcated by an international tribunal in the Hague. The demarcation has now been made, and both countries are attempting to come to terms with its consequences. Certainly the political consequences of the conflict have been immense for the entire region. The ruling parties in both Addis Ababa and Asmara have, for the first time since their founding, been split from top to bottom, and their leaderships have had to contend with the most serious challenges they have ever had to face. The regional repercussions of the war are still playing themselves out and the economies of both Ethiopian and Eritrea have been severely effected. The aim of the book is to bring together a set of readings that will take students of the region through the recent events in a coherent fashion. It will combine original documents with commentaries on the events, as well as providing details of other sources of information.
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Addis Ababa Adigrat Afar agricultural alliance areas armed Asmara Assab Bada Badme Barentu border Boundary Commission camps cease-fire claims conflict countries crisis decision delimitation and demarcation despite diplomatic displaced dispute Djibouti donor drought economic emerged EPLF Eritrea and Ethiopia Eritrean army Eritrean forces Eritrean government established Ethio-Eritrean Ethiopia and Eritrea Ethiopian army Ethiopian forces Ethiopian government ethnic fighting food security foreign further highlands Horn of Africa hostilities humanitarian IGAD impact implementation independence Irob Isaias Isaias Afewerki issues June Kunama leaders leadership Liberation Front Massawa Meles Zenawi military militia Modalities movements Nakfa OAU Framework Agreement Organisation Oromo outbreak parties peace peacekeeping mission political population port positions President Prime Minister Meles Red Sea redeployment regime region relations Report Security Council sides significant soldiers Somalia struggle Sudan Technical Arrangements Temporary Security Zone territory Tigray Tigrayan Tigrean town TPLF trade United Nations UNMEE Zalambessa