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business since 1877. His interests are varied, and not the least of his service for New Haven is as director of the Public Library.

The Acme Wire Company, which within a short time has had a wonderful development, and is now one of the leading industries, owes a large part of its success to the personal executive ability as well as the capital of Victor M. Tyler, its president and treasurer. Next to him Edgar L. Hartpence, its masterly general manager, has had much to do with raising it to a concern employing almost a thousand men. Both are citizens whom New Haven values for many other reasons. The work of Max Adler and Isaac M. Ullman in developing their great industry, and their part in the upbuilding of New Haven, are well known. Henry L. Hotchkiss and H. Stuart Hotchkiss have been powers aside from their connection with the city's rubber industry. Howard E. Adt, one of the geniuses of the Geometric Tool Company, is a citizen whom New Haven prizes highly, while Percy R. Greist of the Greist Manufacturing Company has been foremost in many efforts for the good of New Haven. John B. Kennedy, conspicuous for high citizenship, patriotic leadership and banking ability, makes it his principal business to direct the English & Mersick Company, makers of lamps and carriage hardware.

Andrew -R? Bradley, George P. Smith and Theodore R. Blakeslee are the men behind New Haven's leading confectionery industry, and all are citizens of service and progress. Mr. Bradley recently passed from earthly activities. Mr. Blakeslee, youngest of three brothers who have been very much in the making of New Haven, is a man of high ideals, who is ever ready to serve the public good. Harry B. Kennedy, president of the Hoggson & Pettis Manufacturing Company, is active in church and public work, a sincerely helpful citizen. Samuel R. Avis, though a veteran manufacturer, is best known through his valuable service for years at the head of the board of public library directors. Louis C. Cowles, head of one of New Haven's sterling firms, C. Cowles & Company, which makes carriage hardware, is a gentleman and a citizen of the fine old school. Clarence B. Dann, of Dann Brothers, Joseph E. Hubinger, head of a large starch industry, and Edwin S. Swift, thoroughbred manufacturer and whole-hearted citizen, are other members of a great company.

Many merchants have made New Haven, which was intended by its founders, it will be remembered, as a great trade center. Their ideals have been more than realized. Men have gone on and names have changed, but many a business has continued the policy of its founders since far back in the last century. Older citizens well remember A. C. Wilcox, later A. C. Wilcox & Company, whose store on Chapel, between Orange and State, was deemed one of the great trading centers half a century ago. After Mr. Wilcox's death, it became Howe & Stetson, and was greatly enlarged. There was another evolution in 1906, when the business was purchased by Shartenberg & Robinson. It is now Shartenberg's, and Henry M. Shartenberg, an able citizen as well as merchant, is its directing force. An older department firm is the Edward Malley Company, now well advanced in the second half of its century. At or near the corner of Chapel and Temple streets it has been since Edward Malley the elder started in a little country store building. Through successive managements, generally under Malley financing and control, even if under other names, it has progressed to its present degree of size and efficient service. Walter E. Malley is the present head of the corporation. Mendel and Freedman have for approaching thirty years conducted a popular department store on Chapel Street, and are old merchants as well as respected citizens, with a remarkably efficient and modern store at the present time. What was Brown and Bolton, then was F. M. Brown & Company, and since 1898 has been Gamble & Desmond, is one of the sterling firms of the city, now conducted by the second generation of its founders. Such a "hallmark" store as one expects to find in a conservative community like New Haven is the Charles Monson Company, established under its present name in 1892, doing business on the south side of Chapel Street below Orange. Its present head is Charles M. Walker, an influential and progressive citizen.

In many other lines New Haven has had able merchants, who have labored for the public good as well as for their own advantage. There was Nathan T. Bushnell, whose hardware store was always a place for superior goods; another Bushnell, younger, but of the same family, has long been prominent in the wholesale grocery trade; C. S. Mersick established a remarkable firm for the wholesale and retail distribution of building and plumbers' hardware, and it has been advanced in recent years, as C. S. Mersick & Company, former Governor Woodruff being its present head. John E. Bassett & Company is the modern continuation of a firm with considerably more than a century of existence, which is now more efficient than ever in the sale of sterling hardware. George J. Bassett is its present head. Edward P. Judd was long "the bookseller" of New Haven, a man of wonderful ability, and a firm he founded still leads. Frank S. Platt is identified with a farm supply and seed business which has a wide reputation. The Chamberlain Company, which the late George R. Chamberlain and William M. Parsons made a leader among furniture firms, is now headed by Robert R. Chamberlain, son of the former. Frederick Meigs founded a prominent clothing business, which still bears his name, and Colonel George D. Post is the local head of another leading clothing firm. Miner, Read & Tullock and Dillon & Douglass are two wholesale grocery firms made up of men who have had a large share in the progress of New Haven.

In a literal way some men have made the city which is today. This is the day of the engineer. Of men eminent in this profession New Haven has not a few. It is a great task to direct the engineering activities of the enterprise which the New Haven railroad has become in these days, so it may be safe to give its chief engineer, Edward Gagel, a leading place. He has deserved his success, and done great things for the city in which he lives. One of the oldest of New Haven engineers is Albert B. Hill. Some years ago he was city engineer, and in the years since he has steadily grown in experience and ability, always contributing to the best interests of New Haven. Many of the works of the New Haven Water Company stand as monuments to his ability. Frederick L. Ford had a high reputation when he came from Hartford in 1910, where he had been city engineer. He came to the same position here, and under him the office has been exalted and its work been made much more effective.

Clarence Blakeslee is the engineering member of the firm of C. W. Blakeslee & Sons, and has made possible some of its most important construction. He is a thoroughly able engineer as well as a citizen of high public spirit and fine character. Perhaps his greatest work so far is the construction of a section through an unusually difficult piece of territory, of the Catskills-to-Manhattan aqueduct. Aside from this the greatest engineering work of the Blakeslee firm was the construction of the "cut" through the city for the New Haven road, and of this Dwight W. Blakeslee, another of the Blakeslee brothers, was the engineer, and lost his life in the work. Charles A. Ferry's ability as an engineer has already been told in the story of the Yale Bowl, which he designed. He was a thorough engineer before, or he could not have done it. His wide reputation, then achieved, has since been enlarged. He is a citizen, besides, of truly fine character. Charles C. Elwell's ability was abundantly recognized by the New Haven railroad before he came to the city, and has grown since until he was made, first engineer for, and later a member of the Connecticut Public Utilities Commission. New Haven values him highly as a man. Alexander Cahn has grown up in New Haven, and from the time he chose engineering as his profession he has demonstrated that his choice was the right one. He has done much excellent work, and the city owes him a great public debt.

There are some makers who do not classify, for they stand by themselves. There is hardly an institution to which New Haven of the past half century owes more of abiding construction than to the Young Men's Christian Association. Organized in 1866, it has had a career of struggle, for the most part, but of late it has come into its own through service. In its beginnings small, always needing more resources than it had with which to meet pressing demands, it has been carried on from the beginning by men of sacrifice. Clarence B. Willis was its first secretary, and gave it a wonderful start. Living in rented rooms, not well fitted to its needs, for over three decades, it came about the beginning of the century into its own home, a commodious building on Temple Street. It had even greater burdens to carry then, and it staggered under the debt. Noble citizens, such as Pierce N. Welch and John T. Manson, substantially assisted it with funds, but it was not until after 1910 that it approached a supporting

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