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According agriculture amount ancient artisans bushels called Canon of Poetry capital Ch'i China Chinese Chinese language Chou dynasty Classics coins common Confucian Confucius says cultivation distribution doctrine Duke economic emperor equal ernment ethical exchange expenditures farmers feudal five fucius give grain granary Gresham's Law Han dynasty Heaven Hence Hsu Hsing Hsun Hsun Tzu hundred acres Ibid important industry labor land tax means Mencius ment merchants minister monopoly natural Northern Wei dynasty Official System persons political poor population present dynasty princes principles of Confucius production profit provinces rice rich ruler salary Shang Yang Shih slaves social society Spring and Autumn Sung dynasty supra System of Chou taels Tang Taoism taxation theory things tion Tsin tsing Hen tsing tien system Tsung wages Wang Wang Mang wants wealth whole empire word Yen Yuan Yuan
Page 63 - ... being rectified, their persons were cultivated. Their persons being cultivated, their families were regulated. Their families being regulated, their States were rightly governed. Their States being rightly governed, the whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy.
Page 146 - It is said in the Book of Poetry, "Happy union with wife and children, is like the music of lutes and harps. When there is concord among brethren, the harmony is delightful and enduring. Thus, may you regulate your family, and enjoy the pleasure of your wife and children.
Page 468 - Notwithstanding good years, their lives are continually embittered, and, in bad years, they do not escape perishing. In such circumstances they only try to save themselves from death, and are afraid they will not succeed. What leisure have they to cultivate propriety and righteousness?
Page 493 - The difference between the most dissimilar characters, between a philosopher and a common street porter, for example, seems to arise not so much from nature, as from habit, custom, and education.
Page 208 - The Master said, A scholar, whose mind is set on truth, and who is ashamed of bad clothes and bad food, is not fit to be discoursed with.
Page 139 - What the Great Learning teaches, is — to illustrate illustrious virtue; to renovate the people; and to rest in the highest excellence.
Page 132 - If there were (any of the princes) who would employ me, in the course of twelve months, I should have done something considerable. In three years, the government would be perfected.
Page 313 - Majesty's roads, and all throughout the empire who feel aggrieved by their rulers to wish to come and complain to your Majesty. And when they are so bent, who will be able to keep them back?
Page 493 - Those who are born with the possession of knowledge are the highest class of men. Those who learn, and so, readily, get possession of knowledge, are the next. Those who are dull and stupid, and yet compass the learning, are another class next to these. As to those who are dull and stupid and yet do not learn;— they are the lowest of the people.