Health and Community Design: The Impact Of The Built Environment On Physical Activity

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Island Press, May 23, 2003 - Architecture - 253 pages
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Health and Community Design is a comprehensive examination of how the built environment encourages or discourages physical activity, drawing together insights from a range of research on the relationships between urban form and public health. It provides important information about the factors that influence decisions about physical activity and modes of travel, and about how land use patterns can be changed to help overcome barriers to physical activity. Chapters examine: the historical relationship between health and urban form in the United States why urban and suburban development should be designed to promote moderate types of physical activity the divergent needs and requirements of different groups of people and the role of those needs in setting policy how different settings make it easier or more difficult to incorporate walking and bicycling into everyday activitiesA concluding chapter reviews the arguments presented and sketches a research agenda for the future.
  

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Contents

TWO Public Health and Urban Form in America
11
THREE Physical Activity and Public Health
38
SEVEN Transportation Systems
117
EIGHT Land Use Patterns
137
and the United States
159
ELEVEN Conclusion
189
Endnotes
209
Glossary
217
References
223
About the Authors
243
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Lawrence Frank is Associate Professor in the City Planning Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Peter Engelke is Research Associate in the City Planning Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Tom Schmid is Coordinator of the Active Community Environments (ACEs) team in the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity at the National Center for Chronic Disease Control and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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