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Andres Duany apartments architectural Associates Avalon Park become Boston built bypassed Cesar Pelli city center city design city's Clarence Perry commercial compact corridor Country Club district created Daniel Island development regulations districts downtown Drawing courtesy Duany Edge City environment environmental zoning existing factories Florida funds garages growth boundaries highway housing improve industrial infrastructure inner-city investment Jonathan Barnett Kansas City Laguna West land landscape locations major ment metropolitan area modernist office buildings office parks old city older cities parking lots pattern permit planned unit development Plater-Zyberk possible problems railway real estate redevelopment Regional Plan require residential neighborhoods Reston Town Center retail River shopping center shopping mall shows social specific plan strip suburban tion towers traditional traffic transit transportation UDA Architects urban areas urban centers urban design urban growth boundary urban neighborhoods urban renewal waterfront zoning and subdivision zoning ordinance
Page 114 - ... neighborhoods. They will be more effective, however, if carried out within a framework of actions to bring down the walls between city and suburb. Absent efforts at reunification, such programs will be unable to reverse the downward slide of the inner cities." David Rusk, Cities Without Suburbs (1993), p. 121 "The new metropolitan geography, with its fragmentation of traditional communities and the migration of jobs away from older urban centers, is a major cause not only of environmental stress...
Page 29 - Two of the three anchor stores are placed at the end of major streets; the third store faces a highway as in a conventional shopping center. An office tower is located to become a marker for the whole complex, which is ringed with smaller-scale multi-use buildings. Parking is shown as three car spaces per 1,000 square feet; overflow at peak times can be accommodated at curbside on the streets, or at remote locations. Diagrams...
Page 42 - City development is much more difficult, requiring either reconstruction, which needs an economic justification for tearing down relatively new buildings, or replacement of parking lots with garages, which frees infill sites for development but may raise densities beyond the capacity of the transportation system, Tyson's Corner, Virginia, the Irvine business center in California, and the Parkway Center district in suburban north Dallas are all accidental cities that have recently been the subject...
Page 25 - Having to drive to every destination and appointment precludes the variety of incidents and the potential for casual contact that traditionally have made downtown districts good business locations: the ability to set up a meeting on short notice, the chance to run into someone you know at lunch, the opportunity to shop on the way to and from work.
Page 27 - ... as spaces used by office workers during the day could be used by shoppers and hotel guests at night and on weekends. It might even be possible to save enough money on land and access roads to justify some structured parking, which could make the whole development still more compact and efficient. Overflow parking for peak days could be provided in peripheral areas, which in some climates might not even need to be paved.
Page 32 - The first phase of the center combines 550,000 square feet of offices, 200,000 square feet of retail, 11 film theaters, and a 500-room hotel, all organized in blocks, much like a traditional downtown. The retail is at street level with circulation along Market Street and Fountain Square, not along an internal mall (although there are midblock concourses with shop frontages). Right now, the Reston Center looks like a city 16.
Page 5 - OWE problems. For years, the most rapidly growing suburban towns and counties continued to assume they were satellites of established city centers. They were not prepared to become centers themselves. Their zoning and subdivision ordinances had been written when a major change meant adding a few dozen houses, or building a new supermarket on Main Street. Planning boards struggled with development proposals for huge shopping centers, massive office parks, residential subdivisions of hundreds and even...
Page 42 - Can anything be done to improve these places? Local governments already have the power to make incipient or future Edge Cities into something much more like the Avalon or Reston town centers through zoning and development incentives. What has been missing until recently has been an understanding of development forces, plus the political will to take charge of the community's future. Intervention in existing areas of fragmented...
Page 25 - The alternative to the strip, shown in the third drawing of the series, is to zone a few places for more concentrated development, supported by public parking garages and other investment incentives long understood in city centers but not yet much used in the suburbs. The drawing shows that zoning has been changed to match the surrounding area along segments of the highway where strip development has not yet taken place. Where commercial uses are to be phased out, the zoning has been changed to multifamily.
Page 240 - Inner cities should not have to assume the role of sole providers for the poor. That must become the responsibility of the whole metro area— city and suburbs, cities without suburbs.
From Google Scholar
Jerry Mitchell - 2001 - Economic Development Quarterly
Robert Freestone, Peter Murphy - 1998 - Journal of the American Planning Association
C De Sousa - 2001 - Journal of Environmental Management
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Emily Talen, Cliff Ellis - 2002 - Journal of Planning Education and Research
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