Nature from Within: Gustav Theodor Fechner and His Psychophysical Worldview (Google eBook)

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University of Pittsburgh Pre, 2004 - Philosophy - 456 pages
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Gustav Theodor Fechner (1801-1887) was a German physicist, psychologist, and philosopher, best known to historians of science as the founder of psychophysics, the experimental study of the relation between mental and physical processes. Michael Heidelberger's exhaustive exploration of Fechner's writings, in relation to current issues in the field, successfully reestablishes Fechner's place in the history and philosophy of science.
  

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Contents

PSYCHOPHYSICAL PARALLELISM The MindBody Problem
165
51 Psychophysical Parallelism Dates Back to the 1850s
167
52 Psychophysical Parallelism from Fechner to Feigl
174
53 Schlick and Carnap Enter the Scene
183
Herbert Feigl
188
PSYCHOPHYSICS MEASURING THE MENTAL
191
62 The General Principle of Measurement and Measuring Sensation
193
63 Applying the Principle of Measurement to Gauging Sensations
200

19 The Day Views Origins
50
110 Written Work after 1851
57
111 The Day View as Contrasted with the Night View
62
112 Fechners Life after Recovery
66
PHILOSOPHY
71
NONREDUCTIVE MATERIALISM
73
21 Knowing and Believing
75
The Identity View
91
PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE
116
32 Psychical Phenomena as Functional States
118
33 The Day View as Scientific Identity Philosophy
121
The Objective Reality of Phenomena
124
35 Further Implications of the Day View
127
DAY VIEW SCIENCE
133
SCIENTIFIC REALISM AND THE REALITY OF ATOMS
137
41 Fechners Early Writing on Atomism
138
42 The Theory of Atoms
142
43 Realism Includes Phenomenalism
149
44 Mach Turns to AntiAtomism
154
64 Objections to Quantifying Psychical Phenomena
207
65 Ernst Machs Theory of Measurement
234
66 Measurement Theory and the Day View
244
SELFORGANIZATION AND IRREVERSIBILITY Order Originating from Chaos
248
71 Life and Organic Development
249
72 The Philosophical and the Scientific Context
255
73 From Fechner to Freud and Peirce
260
74 SelfOrganization Today
271
INDETERMINISM From Freedom to the Laws of Chance
273
Freedom and Physiology
285
Epigenesis and Philosophy of History
293
84 Collective Objects
296
85 From Fechner to Von Mises
309
CONCLUSION
318
APPENDIX
321
NOTES
325
BIBLIOGRAPHY
367
INDEX OF NAMES
439
Copyright

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Page 377 - Memoire sur les valeurs numeriques des notes de la gamme." Recueil des travaux de la societe des sciences, de I'agriculture et des arts de Lille 4:1-56.

About the author (2004)

Michael Heidelberger, professor of philosophy at the University of Tübingen, is the author of numerous works on the philosophy of science.

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