A History of the International Chemical Industry

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University of Pennsylvania Press, Jan 1, 1991 - Science - 411 pages
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Aims to provide an international perspective on chemistry, integrating the story of chemical science with that of the chemical industry, and emphasizing important developments of the 20th century.
  

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Contents

From Alchemy to Chemistry
3
The Birth of Americas Chemical Industry
16
Rubber Becomes an Industrial Product
27
From Dye Extracts to Synthetic Dyestuffs
35
From Empirical Work to Systematic Research
42
The Birth of Switzerlands Chemical Industry
48
The Solvay Ammonia Soda ProcessElectrolytic Alkali
57
The Adventure
64
The New Look of the American Market
170
The Particular Nature of Britains Chemical Industry
179
A Cumulation of Particularisms
189
The Development of Frances CoalBased Chemicals
195
The Prosperity of the Basel Chemical Companies
201
World War II and Its Consequences for World
207
IG Farbens Wartime Operations and How They Ended
213
Japans Belated Involvement in Petrochemicals
219

The Birth of the Plastics Industry
70
Perfumes and Fragrances
77
The Quest for Fertilizer Raw Materials
84
Industrial Gases and Air Liquefaction
91
From the Study of Solutions to the Theory of Ions
99
The Slowdown of Englands Chemical Industry
107
The Unsatisfactory Situation in France
108
The Striking Progress of Americas Chemical Industry
115
The Demand for Organic Chemicals
121
Innovative Trends in Postwar Industrial Chemistry
127
HighPressure Chemicals
133
Frances Fragmented Chemical Industry
143
The Discovery of New Plastics
149
The Growth of Fluorine Chemistry
157
Hormones
164
Stereospecific Elastomers and EthylenePropylene Rubber
225
The Benevolent CircleIntermediates and High Polymers
232
Prosperity of the Chemical Industry Precedes the First
241
The Peak Years of Americas Chemical Industry
249
From Tire Manufacturing to Chemicals
258
The United States Fine Chemicals Industry
265
Restructuring Britains Chemical Industry
269
The Emergence of Italys Heavy Chemical Industry
299
The State Chemical Industry in Socialist Countries
313
The Nationalization of Frances Chemical Industry
326
The Craze for Biotechnology
340
Flavors Fragrances and Beauty Products
353
Photochemicals
366
Indexes
387
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