The creation of ideas in physics: studies for a methodology of theory construction
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995 - History - 251 pages
The Creation of Ideas in Physics: Studies for a Methodology of Theory Construction is a collection of essays by physicists, philosophers, and historians about how physical theories are developed. It includes major, new studies of Newton's methods and of the genesis of the theories of relativity. Also featured are reflective analyses of the alternatives facing contemporary theoretical physicists investigating problems in cosmology and quantum gravity. The book is rich in critical interactions among the authors. Its unusual ambition is to engage thinkers in the diverse disciplines of science studies in a common quest to delineate the creative thinking responsible for major advances in physical theory. The volume explores the possibility of learning something general about what distinguishes productive from abortive directions of theoretical inquiry, something that both illuminates the nature of scientific thought and enriches the methodological prescriptions that guide research.
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acceleration Albert Einstein argument background beliefs body Cambridge causal set centripetal forces claim classical concepts conclusion Copernican covariance deduction discovery dynamical Einstein electrodynamics eliminative induction Eliminative Principle empirical everyday evidence example experience experimental fact field equations formulation gravitation theory gravitational field Huygens hypotheses inertial inference inverse-square Keplerian motion kinematical logical Lorentz manifold mathematical matter measurement Mechanical Philosophy method metric Motu nature Newton Newtonian Norton observation orbit paper particles phenomena physics planets possible Principia principle of equivalence principle of relativity prism problem propositions quantum gravity quantum mechanics question radically new ideas rays reasoning refraction refrangibility Regge calculus regularly new ideas relativistic relevant role Scholium scientific simplicial complex space spacetime special relativity specific Stachel stress-energy tensor structure tensor theoretical theory of gravitation theory of relativity tion topological space universal gravitation universe of theories University Press velocity