Tree Rings and Natural Hazards: A State-of-Art (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Markus Stoffel
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 15, 2010 - Social Science - 520 pages
0 Reviews
The initial employment of tree rings in natural hazard studies was simply as a dating tool and rarely exploited other environmental information and records of damage contained within the tree. However, these unique, annually resolved, tree-ring records preserve valuable archives of past earth-surface processes on timescales of decades to centuries. As many of these processes are significant natural hazards, understanding their distribution, timing and controls provides valuable information that can assist in the prediction, mitigation and defence against these hazards and their effects on society. Tree Rings and Natural Hazards provides many illustrations of these themes, demonstrating the application of tree rings to studies of snow avalanches, rockfalls, landslides, floods, earthquakes, wildfires and several other processes. Several of the chapters are 'classic studies', others represent recent applications using previously unpublished material. They illustrate the breadth and diverse applications of contemporary dendrogeomorphology and underline the growing potential to expand such studies, possibly leading to the establishment of a range of techniques and approaches that may become standard practice in the analysis of natural hazards in the future.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

An Introduction
3
Dendrogeomorphology and Snow Avalanche Research
27
TreeRing Dating of Snow Avalanches in Glacier National Park Montana USA
35
Tracking Past Snow Avalanches in the SE Pyrenees
47
TreeRing Based Reconstruction of Past Snow Avalanche Events and Risk Assessment in Northern Gaspé Peninsula Québec Canada
51
Using Dendrochronology to Validate Numerical Simulations of Snow Avalanches in the Patagonian Andes
75
Dating Landslides with Trees
81
Dendrogeomorphological Analysis of a Landslide near Lago Calabria Italy
90
Dendrohydrology and Extreme Floods Along the Red River Canada
276
Part VII
280
Where Can Dendrochronology Help?
281
Dendrotempestology and the Isotopic Record of Tropical Cyclones in Tree Rings of the Southeastern United States
291
Dendrochronological Responses to a Tornado
305
Dendroecology of Hurricanes and the Potential for Isotopic Reconstructions in Southeastern Texas
308
Wildfire Hazard and the Role of TreeRing Research
321
Mesoscale Disturbance and Ecological Response to Decadal Climatic Variability in the American Southwest
329

The Use of Weighted Samples
103
Age of Landslides Along the Grande Rivière de la Baleine Estuary Eastern Coast of Hudson Bay Quebec Canada
106
Rainfall Up Mountain Down?
121
Rockfalls and Their Hazard
127
Assessing Rockfall Activity in a Mountain Forest Implications for Hazard Assessment
139
TreeRing Based Rockfall Reconstruction and Accuracy Assessment of a 3D Rockfall Model
156
Assessment of the Rockfall Frequency for Hazard Analysis at Solà dAndorra Eastern Pyrenees
161
Reconstruction and Spatial Analysis of Rockfall Frequency and Bounce Heights Derived from Tree Rings
177
The Role of Dendrochronology
182
Using Event and Minimum Age Dating for the Assessment of Hazards on a DebrisFlow Cone
193
Dendrogeomorphic Applications to Debris Flows in Glacier National Park Montana USA
207
FrequencyMagnitude Relationships Seasonality and Spread of Debris Flows on a Forested Cone
211
HighPrecision Dating of DebrisFlow Events Within the Growing Season
227
Tree Rings as Paleoflood and Paleostage Indicators
233
The Effects of Hydroelectric Flooding on a Reservoirs Peripheral Forests and Newly Created Forested Islands
240
Spring Water Levels Reconstructed from IceScarred Trees and CrossSectional Area of the Earlywood Vessels in Tree Rings from
257
A 100Year History of Floods Determined from Tree Rings in a Small Mountain Stream in the Tatra Mountains Poland
263
Wildfire Risk and Ecological Restoration in MixedSeverity Fire Regimes
361
TreeRing Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling
364
Wildfire Risk and Hazard in Northern Patagonia Argentina
383
Tree Rings and Earthquakes
391
Application of TreeRing Analysis to Paleoseismology
398
An Example From the 1931 M 80 Fuyun Earthquake
417
TreeRing Dated Landslide Movements and Seismic Events in Southwestern Montana USA
421
Seismic Damage in Conifers from Olympic and Yellowstone National Parks United States
437
Studying Past Volcanic Activity with Tree Rings
443
TreeRing Evidence for the 1913 Eruption of Volcán de Fuego de Colima Mexico
453
Dendrochemical Evidence of the 1781 Eruption of Mount Hood Oregon
465
Volcanic Eruptions over the Last 5000 Years from High Elevation TreeRing Widths and Frost Rings
468
Unknown Eruption of Shiveluch Volcano Kamchatka Russia Around AD 1756 Identified by Dendrochronology
483
Late Eighteenth Century Old Maid Eruption and Lahars at Mount Hood Oregon USA Dated with Tree Rings and Historical Observati
487
Whither Dendrogeomorphology?
495
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information