Adolescent Psychological Development: Rationality, Morality, and Identity
The huge and fractured literature on adolescence challenges both students and scholars. For students there is too much to learn and too little coherence across topics to enable deeper understanding. For scholars, there are few integrative visions to connect minitheories, research programs, and practical concerns.
In the first edition of this advanced text, Moshman provided a constructivist synthesis of the literatures of cognitive, moral, and identity development, from the classic universalist theories of Piaget, Kohlberg, and Erikson through the more pluralist research and theorizing of the late 20th century. Without assuming any prior knowledge of psychology, he introduced and coordinated basic concepts to enable students to wrestle with the questions of concern to experts and help experts see those concerns from a larger perspective.
In this thoroughly updated second edition, Moshman develops his conceptualization of advanced psychological development in adolescence and early adulthood and proposes--in a new chapter--a conception of rational moral identity as a developmental ideal. Unlike the prototypical changes of early childhood, advanced psychological development cannot be understood as progress through universal stages to a universally achieved state of maturity. Progress is possible, however, through rational processes of reflection, coordination, and social interaction.
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I Cognitive Development
II Moral Development
III Identity Formation
IV Advanced Psychological Development
adolescents adulthood advanced psychological development and/or associated basis behavior beliefs Berzonsky Bickhard Blasi Chandler chap chapter childhood claims cognitive development commitments conception consider construction of identity construed coordination developmental changes differences diversity dogs Druze environment epistemic cognition epistemologies Erikson evaluation evidence example Female circumcision formal operations forms fundamental gay rights gender Grotevant groups Helwig hypothesis identity formation identity status increasingly individuals inferences inferential involves James Marcia judgments justice justifiable Klaczynski knowledge Kohlberg’s theory Kuhn levels logic Marcia meta-ethical metacognitive metalogical metatheory moral development moral domain moral rationality moral reasoning Moshman multiple Nora and Simon one’s peer interaction perspective Piaget Pluralist rational constructivism possibilities postformal progress proposed rational agent rational constructivist rational moral identity reflection respect role selection task self-theorists sense sexual orientation social interactions specific Stage statuses structures suggested theorists theory of oneself thinking Turiel turn understanding variability vowel Wainryb