Theories of Vision from Al-kindi to Kepler

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University of Chicago Press, 1981 - Medical - 324 pages
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Kepler's successful solution to the problem of vision early in the seventeenth century was a theoretical triumph as significant as many of the more celebrated developments of the scientific revolution. Yet the full import of Kepler's arguments can be grasped only when they are viewed against the background of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance visual theory. David C. Lindberg provides this background, and in doing so he fills the gap in historical scholarship and constructs a model for tracing the development of scientific ideas.

David C. Lindberg is professor and chairman of the department of the history of science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  

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Contents

The Background Ancient Theories of Vision
1
AlKindis Critique of Euclids Theory of Vision
18
Galenists and Aristotelians in Islam
33
Alhazen and the New Intromission Theory of Vision
58
The Origins of Optics in the West
87
The Optical Synthesis of the Thirteenth Century
104
Visual Theory in the Later Middle Ages
122
Artists and Anatomists of the Renaissance
147
Johannes Kepler and the Theory of the Retinal Image
178
The Translation of Optical Works from Greek and Arabic into Latin
209
Notes
215
Selected Bibliography
285
Index
311
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About the author (1981)

David C. Lindberg is Hilldale Professor of History of Science at the University of Wisconsin and past-president of the History of Science Society. His other books include The Beginnings of Western Science, published by the University of Chicago Press.

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