T. R. Malthus: The Unpublished Papers in the Collection of Kanto Gakuen University

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Cambridge University Press, 1997 - Business & Economics - 164 pages
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This 1998 volume comprises a collection of manuscripts by or relating to T. R. Malthus, recently discovered in the estate of a distant nephew, and previously unpublished. They consist of correspondence, sermons, essays and lecture notes on political economy and history. The manuscripts provide insights into Malthus' personal life - especially his relationships with his parents and his tutors. They also give details of the books he studied as a student, and suggest hitherto unknown influences on his intellectual development. They suggest a solution to the question of who or what influenced him to omit the controversial theological chapters from later editions of his Essay on Population, and his sermons present further evidence of his religious views. The manuscripts represent a remarkable discovery, more than 150 years after Malthus' death, of his correspondence and other unknown writings.
  

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Contents

Correspondence relating to Malthus early years
1
Correspondence relating to Malthus years at Cambridge University
27
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 13 January 1786
37
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 18 January 1786
39
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 31 January 1786
40
Malthus to Daniel Malthus II February 1786
41
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 3 March 1786
43
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 12 March 1786
44
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 4 February 1799
63
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 18 August 1799
66
Malthus to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine 19 February 1800
68
Marianna Malthus to Malthus 9 January 1822
69
Malthus to Harriet Malthus 2 December 1825
71
Themes from the Essay on Population
72
Edward Daniel Clarke to Malthus 20 August 1798
73
Thomas Beddoes to Malthus 24 February 1806
78

Malthus to Daniel Malthus 16 March 1786
45
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 19 April 1786
47
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 26 June 1786
48
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 9 February 1787
49
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 16 June 1787
50
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 4 November 1787
51
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 24 March 1788
52
Malthus to Daniel Malthus 17 April 1788
53
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 20 March 1789
54
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 25 April 1789
56
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 13 June 1790
57
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 793
59
Later family correspondence
61
Daniel Malthus to Malthus 14 April 1796
62
Thomas Beddoes to Malthus 6 March 1806
79
Samuel Whitbread to Malthus 5 April 1807
80
Henry Brooke Parnell to Malthus 9 May 1808
85
Alexander Marcet to Malthus 23 December 1809
88
Bewick Bridge to Malthus 2 April 1817
89
Pierre Prevost to Malthus 13 April 1821
90
Bewick Bridge to Malthus 28 August 1822
93
Miscellaneous correspondence
106
Francis Jeffrey to Malthus 2 April 1811
114
E EAST INDIA COLLEGE
120
G MEASURE OF VALUE
128
Malthus to an unnamed correspondent 1828 or later
134
SOCIETE FRANCAISE DE STATISTIQUE LNIVERSELLE
140
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) was a British scholar, influential in political economy and demography. Malthus popularized the economic theory of rent. Malthus has become widely known for his theories concerning population and its increase or decrease in response to various factors. The six editions of his An Essay on the Principle of Population, published from 1798 to 1826, observed that sooner or later population gets checked by famine and disease. He wrote in opposition to the popular view in 18th-century Europe that saw society as improving and in principle as perfectible. William Godwin and the Marquis de Condorcet, for example, believed in the possibility of almost limitless improvement of society. So, in a more complex way, did Jean-Jacques Rousseau, whose notions centered on the goodness of man and the liberty of citizens bound only by the socia1 contract - a form of popular sovereignty. Malthus thought that the dangers of population growth would preclude endless progress towards a utopian society: "The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man."] As an Anglican clergyman, Malthus saw this situation as divinely imposed to teach virtuous behavior. Malthus placed the longer-term stability of the economy above short-term expediency. He criticized the Poor Laws and (alone among important contemporary economists) supported the Corn Laws, which introduced a system of taxes on British imports of wheat. He thought these measures would encourage domestic production, and so promote long-term benefits. Malthus became hugely influential, and controversial, in economic, political, social and scientific thought. Many of those whom subsequent centuries term evolutionary biologists read him, notably Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, for each of whom Malthusianism became an intellectual stepping-stone to the idea of natural selection. Malthus remains a writer of great significance and controversy.

John Pullen has spent most of his career in media, first as a cameraman, then as a writer, director and producer of factual programmes. His worst moment came when he accidently hit Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher hard on the head with his video camera. Many of the programmes were about medical subjects and this fostered an interest in the subject and in particular, the mind. He went back to college for three years and graduated in Hypnotherapy at the London College of Clinical Hypnosis and is a full member of the British Society of Clinical Hypnosis. He has also written many books over the years, both fiction and non-fiction. The latter encompasses general and professional aviation, medicine and history. A number of his novels are fantasy adventures and are aimed at "young adults and adults who are young." Currently he lives near London and for relaxation flies planes and plays tennis.

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