A Central Asian Village at the Dawn of Civilization: Excavations at Anau, Turkmenistan

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UPenn Museum of Archaeology, Mar 31, 2003 - Social Science - 238 pages
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This integration of earlier and new scholarship reconceptualizes the origins of civilization, challenging the received view that the ancient Near East spawned the spread of civilization outward from Mesopotamia to all other neighboring cultures. Central Asia is here shown to have been a major player in the development of cities.

Skillfully documenting the different phases of both Soviet and earlier Western external analyses along with recent excavation results, this new interpretation reveals Central Asia's role in the socioeconomic and political processes linked to both the Iranian Plateau and the Indus Valley, showing how it contributed substantively to the origins of urbanism in the Old World. Hiebert's research at Anau and his focus on the Chalcolithic levels provide an essential starting point for understanding both the nature of village life and the historical trajectories that resulted in Bronze Age urbanism.

  

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Contents

The Settlement History of Central Asia in the Village Period
15
The History of Investigations at Anau North
24
Radiocarbon Chronology
55
Small Finds from Anau North with Ogulsona Lollekova and Katherine M Moore
81
Architecture at Anau North
98
Burials with L Warner and K Kurbansakhatov
116
The Use of Plants at Anau North Naomi F Miller
127
Microscopic Analysis of Soils from Anau North Alexandra A Golyeva
139
The Evolution of the Settlement at Anau North
169
1904 excavation areas
175
Terrace 1 Correlates of Stratigraphy
176
Terraces 48 excavation plan
181
Terrace 2 Correlates of Stratigraphy
184
Terrace 3 pedestalled pottery vessel
187
East Gallery Correlates of Stratigraphy
191
Bibliography
220

Animal Herding Hunting and the History of Animal Domestication at Anau depe
154
Prehistoric Behavior at Anau North
160

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About the author (2003)

Fredrik T. Hiebert is Assistant Professor in Archaeology and Assistant Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Kakamurad Kurbansakhatov is Director of the Southern Turkmenistan Multidisciplinary Archaeological Expedition.

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