Social Science Under Debate: A Philosophical Perspective

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University of Toronto Press, 1999 - Philosophy - 538 pages
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Mario Bunge, author of the monumental Treatise on Basic Philosophy, is widely renowned as a philosopher of science. In this new and ambitious work he shifts his attention to the social sciences and the social technologies. He considers a number of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, economics, political science, law, history, and management science.

Bunge contends that social science research has fallen prey to a postmodern fascination with irrationalism and relativism. He urges social scientists to re-examine the philosophy and the methodology at the base of their discipline. Bunge calls for objective and relevant fact-finding, rigorous theorizing, and empirical testing, as well as morally sensitive and socially responsible policy design.

  

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Contents

Basic Social Science
1
Sociology
61
Positive Economics
100
Political Science
155
International Relations
211
Culturology
219
Technology in Society
239
Ideology
246
Operations Research
394
Private and Public
397
Resource Management
399
Management and Politics
400
Rationality in Action
401
Normative Economics
403
Normative Macroeconomics
404
Economic Policy
407

History
257
Systemism versus Individualism and Holism
274
Progress Stagnation Decline
283
Historical Explanation
289
Sociotechnology
297
Action Theory
306
Systemic Praxiology
310
Decision Theory
315
CollectiveAction Theory
321
Austrian Praxiology
325
Reasons for the Failure of RationalChoice Action Theory
328
Values and Norms
331
Policy
334
Planning
348
Law
354
Norm and Truth
356
Law and Morality
362
Legal Code and Legal Theory
365
Legal Reasoning
367
Private and Public
369
Rights and Duties
371
Crime and Punishment
374
Laws Impotence
377
Management Technology
380
Policy
382
Planning
385
Management
387
Economic Planning
412
Welfare Economics
417
Old and New Pro and Con
420
Fascist and Communist
430
Socialism as Cooperativism
431
Integral Technodemocracy
434
Designing the Future
439
Macrosocial Issues and Their Inherent Values and Morals
440
Utopianism and Ideals without Illusions
441
Piecemeal and Systemic
442
TopDown Planning
444
Systemic Democratic Planning
446
Growth and Development
447
Integral and Sustainable Development
448
The Future of Social Studies
450
Appendices
455
A Systemic Approach
456
A Production Model
458
Humbug Mathematical Economics
459
Modelling Secrecy Leaks
461
Newcombs Problem
462
A General Concept of Action
463
REFERENCES
467
INDEX OF NAMES
519
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
529
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

MARIO BUNGE is the Frothington Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at McGill University.

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