Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain
Before the First World War there existed an intellectual turmoil in Britain as great as any in Germany, France or Russia, as the debates over Nietzsche and eugenics in the context of early modernism reveal. With the rise of fascism after 1918, these debates became more ideologically driven, with science and vitalist philosophy being hailed in some quarters as saviours from bourgeois decadence, vituperated in others as heralding the onset of barbarism. Breeding Superman looks at several of the leading Nietzscheans and eugenicists, and challenges the long-cherished belief that British intellectuals were fundamentally uninterested in race. The result is a study of radical ideas which are conventionally written out of histories of the politics and culture of the period.
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A. R. Orage advocate Alien Anthony Ludovici antisemitism argued argument aristocracy attack believed biological Blacker breeding Britain British eugenicists British eugenics British fascism century chapter Chatterton-Hill Christianity civilisation claim classes Constable Culture Darwin defence degeneration Democracy Edwardian English Mistery eugenicists eugenics movement Eugenics Review Eugenics Society eugenist Europe European example extremes of Englishness F. C. S. Schiller feminism Francis Galton Friedrich Nietzsche Further references genetic George German Gobineau Havelock Ellis heredity history of ideas Hitler human idem ideology immigrants intellectual interwar Jewish Jews Journal Karl Pearson lethal chamber Levy's London Miigge modern moral National Nazi Nazism Nietzsche and eugenics Nietzsche in England Nietzsche's Nietzschean Oscar Levy Oxford Philosophy Pitt-Rivers political published R. G. Collingwood race Race-Regeneration racial racism religion Schiller scientific selection sexual Shaw social stocks Superman T. N. Foulis theory thinkers Thomas Common thought tion Tory trans views violence Willoughby de Broke World writings wrote