Agricultural commercialization, economic development, and nutrition
Published for the International Food Policy Research Institute [by] Johns Hopkins University Press, Aug 1, 1994 - Business & Economics - 411 pages
The commercialization of agriculture has been the cornerstone of economic development for many developing countries. Yet there continues to be concern about the effects of commercialization on poverty and nutrition in countries that are promoting the shift away from subsistence agriculture.
In Agricultural Commercialization, Economic Development, and Nutrition Joachim von Braun and Eileen Kennedy bring together a distinguished group of authorities who present solid empirical data based on a comprehensive conceptual framework. The authors examine the driving forces of commercialization, such as trade policy and infrastructure, and analyze potential risks to the poor. Original case studies based on one to three years of fieldwork by multidisciplinary teams focus on The Gambia, Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Zambia, Guatemala, India, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines.
The authors conclude that commercialization of agriculture can enhance economic development through employment and income growth, which bring about improvements in nutrition, especially for the poor. This is the first comprehensive treatment of the issues that link agricultural commercialization, development, and nutrition. It provides detailed information and highlights specific policies that can further enhance the food security and nutrition effects of agricultural commercialization in a variety of settings.
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Production Employment and Income Effects
Consumption Effects of Commercialization of Agriculture
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adoption adult-equivalent agricultural production allocation average budget share calorie consumption capita cash crops cereals chapter commercialization of agriculture cooperative crop income crop production cultivation diarrhea economic employment export crops export vegetable farm households female-headed food consumption food crops food energy food expenditures food production food security Gambia groups growth Guatemala harvest hectare higher household calorie household income hybrid maize impact income effect indicate infrastructure irrigation Kenya kilograms labor input maize Malawi marginal nonfood nonwage households nutritional improvement nutritional status off-farm income Papua New Guinea participation patterns percent period Philippines poor counties preschoolers processing purchased quartile rice risk rural Rwanda sample schemes season Sierra Leone significant significantly smallholder staple food study settings subsistence sugar sugarcane survey technological change tercile tion total expenditure total income tree crops variable village wage households weight-for-age weight-for-height women Z-score