Genesis (Google eBook)
Hermann Gunkel, Mark E. Biddle
Mercer University Press, 1997 - Religion - 477 pages
Gunkel's commentary on Genesis is a classic in the field of Old Testament studies. This translation makes it available in English for the first time. Gunkel's familiarity with the religious and folk literatures of the world especially of the ancient Near East, provides the context into which he sought to situate Israelite religion and literature. Although he employed source- and form-critical methods, he brought a fine literary and cultural sensitivity to bear on the question of the interpretation of the text in its final forms. In fact, many who now criticize late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century scholarship for its atomism and aridity (Gunkel himself, expressed an awareness of these dangers) will be surprised to find Gunkel's literary reading of Genesis and his engagement with the text inferior to none based on modern approaches. Many of the critical issues with which Gunkel grappled in his commentary continue to commend the attention of Genesis scholarship: the nature of patriarchal religion, the interrelationship between documentary sources, oral tradition, and editorial activity, the antiquity of Israel's eschatological hope, and much more.
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Abimelech Abraham according already ancient animals appears Babylonian Ball Beersheba belongs Berosus Bethel blessing brothers Cain Canaan Canaanite chap characteristic clause concerning context contrast creation deity Deut Dillmann divine dream earth Edom Eerdmans Egypt Egyptian element Esau especially Exod explained expression Ezek fact father Flood legend Franz Delitzsch genealogy Genesis Gerar Gesch God's GreBmann Hagar heaven Hebr Hebrew Hebron Holzinger Horite human interpretation Isaac Ishmael Israel Israelite Israeliten Jacob Japheth Joseph narrative Judah KAT3 Kautzsch3 king Kittel Laban land later legend cycle Mahanaim means mentioned Meyer Moab motif myth narrator Noah occurs old legend originally parallel passage Penuel period Pesh Pharaoh portrayed probably prophets Rebekah recension recounted redactor religion seems Shechem Sievers similar Sodom sons Stade stems style tradition tribes variants Vulg wants Wellhausen whole Winckler words Yahweh Zimmern
Page 5 - God created heaven and earth. The earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the deep, and the spirit of God moved upon the water. Then God said: let there be light and there was light.
Page 5 - It would be vain to deny the exalted ease and the uniform greatness that give the narrative its character. The beginning especially is incomparable : " The earth was without form and void, and darkness lay upon the deep, and the Spirit of God moved upon the water. Then God said : Let there be light, and there was light." But chaos being given, all the rest is spun out of it : all that follows is reflection, systematic construction ; we can easily follow the calculation from point to point.
Page lxxxi - ... the Gospel itself, because there is no one moral or physical law of God that can be violated without entailing the consequences incidental to the violation of law. Philosophy and religion will be one great truth when we perfectly understand all the revelations of God to man, from Adam to Noah, from Noah to Abraham, from Abraham to Moses, and from Moses to Jesus Christ, and the Lord Himself at His second coming. For all these are in the line of faith. It is through them that the revelations of...
Page 6 - Fundamental Problems of Hebrew Literary History', in What Remains of the Old Testament (London 1928), 57-68, originally published as 'Die Grundprobleme der israelitischen Literaturgeschichte', Deutsche Literaturzeitung, 18 (1906), 1797-1800.
Page lxxxvi - Israelite national epic" from the individual stories did not appear. Israel produced great religious reformers who created a comprehensive unity in religious spirit from the dispersed traditions of their people. But it did not produce a Homer. This is fortunate for our scholarship at any rate. Precisely because there was no great poetic whole and the passages were left in an essentially unfused stated, we are able to discern the history of the whole process.
Page 8 - Oral tradition among the people includes only individual stories which surely come from the same circle of thought yet which are not organized into a planned totality. The recorder [by this Wellhausen of course means the authors of J, E, etc.] of the individual narratives is the one who initiates the plan and the...
Page 7 - Thus in studying such literary types 'we must in each case have the whole situation clearly before us and ask ourselves. Who is speaking? Who are the listeners? What is the mise en scène at the time?
Page 8 - Pentateuchal sources to initiate "the plan and the connections," as Wellhausen had argued. In other words, already at the oral stage individual stories concerning the same individual or dwelling upon a similar theme were attracted to each other and were thus combined to form "cycles of legends" (Sagenkranze).14 According to Gunkel, 12See below, xlviii.