Sexual Harassment of Working Women: A Case of Sex Discrimination
Sexual harassment of working women has been widely practiced and systematically ignored. Menís control over womenís jobs has often made coerced sexual relations the price of womenís material survival. Considered trivial or personal, or natural and inevitable, sexual harassment has become a social institution. MacKinnon offers here a attempt to understand sexual harassment as a pervasive social problem and to present a legal argument that it is discrimination based on sex. Beginning with an analysis of victims' experiences, she then examines sex discrimination doctrine as a whole, both for its potential in prohibiting sexual harassment and for its limitations.
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5th Cir acts alleged analysis arbitrary argued argument assault Barnes based on sex basis behavior benefits BFOQ biological C.D. Cal characteristics claim complaint conception condition considered context D.C. Cir damages defined deprivation Diana E. H. Russell differentiation disability disadvantage discriminatory distinction doctrine E.D. Mich economic EEOC employer employment Equal Protection Clause Equal Rights Amendment exclusion fact female gender Gilbert harassment is sex hiring impact incidents individual inequality approach inferior injury issue judge Labor male men's ment percent physical plaintiff position practice pregnancy problem prohibition race racial racism rape reason Redbook refusal relations relationship sex difference sex discrimination sex roles sex segregation sex stereotype sex-based sexism sexual advances sexual harassment situation society standard status subordinate supervisor Supp supra Supreme Court tion Title IX Title VII Tomkins tort Transsexuals treated treatment victim woman women women's sexuality workers York