Wordsworth Editions, Jan 1, 2000 - Fiction - 244 pages
Upanishads are mankind's oldest works of philosophy, predating the earliest Greek philosophy. They are the concluding part of the Vedas, the ancient Indian sacred literature, and mark the culmination of a tradition of speculative thought first expressed in the Rig-Veda more than 4000 years ago. Remarkable for their meditative depth, spirit of doubt and intellectual honesty, the Upanishads are concerned with the knowledge of the Brahman, the Ultimate Reality, and Man's relationship with it. The name Upanishad is derived from the face-to-face mode of imparting knowledge - in the utmost sanctity and secrecy, to prevent its trivialisation or perversion. Composed in Sanskrit between 900 and 600 BC, the Upanishads presented here are by far the oldest and most important of those that exist. Twelve were first translated more than a hundred years ago, and have been extensively revised and edited. The thirteenth is an entirely new translation by Suren Navlakha.
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NOTES TO THE TEXT
Agni agnihotra Ajatashatru asked asuras becomes bliss body born brahman brdhmana Brihadaranyaka Upanishad called Chandogya Upanishad consists creatures dear death deities desires devas divine dtman dwells earth eats food entered essence everything father fire foot of brahman Gargi Gargya Gautama hear heart heaven highest brahman Hiranyagarbha honey hymns imperishable Indra Janaka Vaideha Katha Upanishad king know brahman knower knowledge of brahman light live lord luminous immortal person Maitreyi Mandukya Upanishad meditates mind moon Mundaka Upanishad Nachiketas objects oblation obtained the world offspring omitted penance perceive perish Prajapati prana Prashna Upanishad prdna puller ruler pulls rules pupil purusha quarters rest Rig-veda sacrifice Samhita satisfied Satyakama seed seer senses shines Shvetaketu smell space speech spirit subtle syllable taste teacher tell thee thou art thought true udgitha understand Upanishad Vayu Veda Vedic Verily verses wise world of brahman worship Yajnavalkya replied Yajur-veda Yama