Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan

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Princeton University Press, 2004 - History - 296 pages
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On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. Hammer and sickle gave way to a flag, a national anthem, and new holidays. Seven decades earlier, Turkmenistan had been a stateless conglomeration of tribes. What brought about this remarkable transformation?

Tribal Nation addresses this question by examining the Soviet effort in the 1920s and 1930s to create a modern, socialist nation in the Central Asian Republic of Turkmenistan. Adrienne Edgar argues that the recent focus on the Soviet state as a "maker of nations" overlooks another vital factor in Turkmen nationhood: the complex interaction between Soviet policies and indigenous notions of identity. In particular, the genealogical ideas that defined premodern Turkmen identity were reshaped by Soviet territorial and linguistic ideas of nationhood. The Soviet desire to construct socialist modernity in Turkmenistan conflicted with Moscow's policy of promoting nationhood, since many Turkmen viewed their "backward customs" as central to Turkmen identity.

Tribal Nation is the first book in any Western language on Soviet Turkmenistan, the first to use both archival and indigenous-language sources to analyze Soviet nation-making in Central Asia, and among the few works to examine the Soviet multinational state from a non-Russian perspective. By investigating Soviet nation-making in one of the most poorly understood regions of the Soviet Union, it also sheds light on broader questions about nationalism and colonialism in the twentieth century.


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Review: Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan

User Review  - Corleen gallinger - Goodreads

helped to explain a number of inconsistencies in daily life over the 3 years I lived in TKM. Somethings now make a twisted kind of sense. Read full review


Tribe Class and Nation in Turkmenistan
Sources of Identity among the Turkmen
Assembling the Nation The Creation of a Turkmen National Republic
Ethnic Preferences and Ethic Conflict The Rise of a Turkmen National Elite
Helpers Not Nannies Moscow and the Turkmen Communist Party
Dueling Dialects The Creation of a Turkmen Language
A Nation Divided Class Struggle and the Assault on Tribalism
Cotton and Collectivization Rural Resistance in Soviet Turkmenistan
Emancipation of the Unveiled Turkmen Women under Soviet Rule
From Soviet Republic to Independent NationState

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About the author (2004)

Adrienne Lynn Edgar is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She was formerly an editor of "World Policy Journal.

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