Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan

Front Cover
Princeton University Press, 2004 - History - 296 pages
1 Review

On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. Hammer and sickle gave way to a flag, a national anthem, and new holidays. Seven decades earlier, Turkmenistan had been a stateless conglomeration of tribes. What brought about this remarkable transformation?

Tribal Nation addresses this question by examining the Soviet effort in the 1920s and 1930s to create a modern, socialist nation in the Central Asian Republic of Turkmenistan. Adrienne Edgar argues that the recent focus on the Soviet state as a "maker of nations" overlooks another vital factor in Turkmen nationhood: the complex interaction between Soviet policies and indigenous notions of identity. In particular, the genealogical ideas that defined premodern Turkmen identity were reshaped by Soviet territorial and linguistic ideas of nationhood. The Soviet desire to construct socialist modernity in Turkmenistan conflicted with Moscow's policy of promoting nationhood, since many Turkmen viewed their "backward customs" as central to Turkmen identity.

Tribal Nation is the first book in any Western language on Soviet Turkmenistan, the first to use both archival and indigenous-language sources to analyze Soviet nation-making in Central Asia, and among the few works to examine the Soviet multinational state from a non-Russian perspective. By investigating Soviet nation-making in one of the most poorly understood regions of the Soviet Union, it also sheds light on broader questions about nationalism and colonialism in the twentieth century.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

Review: Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan

User Review  - Corleen gallinger - Goodreads

helped to explain a number of inconsistencies in daily life over the 3 years I lived in TKM. Somethings now make a twisted kind of sense. Read full review

Contents

Tribe Class and Nation in Turkmenistan
1
Sources of Identity among the Turkmen
17
Assembling the Nation The Creation of a Turkmen National Republic
41
Ethnic Preferences and Ethic Conflict The Rise of a Turkmen National Elite
70
Helpers Not Nannies Moscow and the Turkmen Communist Party
100
Dueling Dialects The Creation of a Turkmen Language
129
A Nation Divided Class Struggle and the Assault on Tribalism
167
Cotton and Collectivization Rural Resistance in Soviet Turkmenistan
197
Emancipation of the Unveiled Turkmen Women under Soviet Rule
221
From Soviet Republic to Independent NationState
261
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
267
BIBLIOGRAPHY
269
INDEX
287
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2004)

Adrienne Lynn Edgar is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She was formerly an editor of "World Policy Journal.

Bibliographic information