## Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs ...: Thermodynamics (Google eBook) |

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This is extraordinary, supernatural in the the sense of a grace delivered to unexpected recipiients. I wish, hope that I could be in that group.

One of the greatest publications in all of human literature, nearly unprecedented in rival, in which can be found the buried treasure, as unearthed by Gilbert Lewis in 1923, that the inequality: ΔG < 0, or what has come to be called the Lewis inequality for natural processes, governs human existence, interpersonal reactions, past, present, and future.

Numbered with exactly 700-equations, written over a period of three years, during which time, in Gibbs own words “I had no sense of the value of time, of my own or others, when I wrote it.” The following opinions express the majestic difficulty steeped in this great work:

“Your Equilibrium is too difficult and too condensed for most, I might say all, readers.”

– John Strutt (Lord Rayleigh), "Letter to Gibbs" (1892)

“It was a number of years before its value was generally known; this delay was due largely to the fact that its mathematical form and rigorous deductive processes make it difficulty reading for anyone, and especially so for students of experimental chemistry whom it concerns most.”

– Henry Bumstead, “Josiah Willard Gibbs”, American Journal of Science (1903)

“The works of Willard Gibbs can only be attacked with profit by the expert mathematician.”

– William Bayliss, Principles of General Physiology (1915)

“Although Gibbs’ treatment of thermodynamics has been accessible in English, French, and German for many years, its highly condensed and abstract form has repulsed the great majority of students, with the result that the science of thermodynamics has been recast in many different moulds during the last fifty years.”

– Frededrick Donnan, Irish physical chemist (1932)

“The original source is, of course, Gibbs, but his discussion is difficult reading.”

– Edward Guggenheim, Modern Thermodynamics by the Methods of Willard Gibb (1933)

“Reading Gibbs' Equilibrium is something like reading Laplace, who frequently omits but the conclusion, with the optimistic remark ‘it is easy to see’, shorthand for things ‘seen’ following hours—sometimes days—of hard work.”

– E.T. Bell, Scottish mathematician (c.1940)

“There is a considerable testimony from eminent men that they found the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances very difficult reading. But that it is obscure or lacking in clarity of style is untrue. It is logical, terse, and requires unrelieved concentration of thought.”

– Lynde Wheeler, Josiah Willard Gibbs: the History of a Great Mind (1951)

“Very few experts in thermodynamics have the ability to read this from cover-to-cover.”

– David Bottomley, Japanese physicist (1999)

“The intrepid reader who takes on Gibbs’ Equilibrium can expect months of ‘blind work’.”

– William Cropper, Greatest Physicists (2001)

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### References from web pages

JSTOR: The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs

The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs. Two Vols. ?2 2s. net. (Longmans.) Josiah Willard Gibbs vas born in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 11, 1839, ...

links.jstor.org/ sici?sici=0025-5572(190705)2%3A4%3A64%3C87%3ATSPOJW%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S

Josiah Willard Gibbs

The scientific papers of J Willard Gibbs (2 volumes) (New York, (1961), xi-xxvi. rj Deltete, Gibbs and the energeticists, No truth except in the details, ...

www.shsu.edu/ ~icc_cmf/ bio/ gibbs.html

Gibbs, Einstein and the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics

Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 53 (1998) 147–180. c Springer-Verlag 1998. Gibbs, Einstein and the Foundations. of Statistical Mechanics ...

lorentz.phl.jhu.edu/ AnnusMirabilis/ AeReserveArticles/ Navarro.pdf

jw Gibbs

The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs. [Dover Publications, Inc. New York, 1961, 434 pp. an unabridged and unaltered republication of the work ...

titan.minpet.unibas.ch/ minpet/ thermodict/ notes/ gibbspaper.html

The scientific papers of J. Willard Gibbs.. - / 1961 - Obras Coligidas

GIBBS, J. Willard. The scientific papers of J. Willard Gibbs.. New York: Dover, [1961]. 2 v. Número de Chamada: oc -

volterra.impa.br/ arquivos/ 25000/ 26400/ 105_26468.htm

Material stability, the Gibbs conjecture and the first phase rule **...**

Material Stability, the Gibbs Conjecture. and the First Phase Rule for Substances. CHI-SING MAN. Communicated by. J. SERRIN. Contents ...

www.springerlink.com/ index/ K14J6251N50P8578.pdf

Journal of Crystal Growth : Thermodynamic function of state for **...**

[9] jw Gibbs, The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs, Thermodynamics vol. 1, Ox Bow, Woodbridge, CT (1993) p. 87. [10] jf Nye, Physical Properties of ...

linkinghub.elsevier.com/ retrieve/ pii/ S0022024807001303

List of important publications in physics - Wikipedia, the free **...**

Gibbs, J. Willard (October 1993). The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs (Vol. 1). Ox Bow Press. ISBN 0-918024-77-3. Gibbs, J. Willard (February 1994). ...

en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ List_of_publications_in_physics

References

reprint in The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs, newyork: Dover, 1961. 27. jw Gibbs, "On multiple algebra," Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., vol. 35, pp. ...

doi.wiley.com/ 10.1002/ 0471723096.refs

Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1369 (1998): Warren - Combinatorial Entropy **...**

[8] jw Gibbs, The Collected Works of J. Willard Gibbs; The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs (reprint) (Dover, New York, 1960). ...

link.aps.org/ doi/ 10.1103/ PhysRevLett.80.1369