The Kyoto Protocol: International Climate Policy for the 21st Century

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 20, 1999 - Business & Economics - 359 pages
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The adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997 was a major achievement in the endeavour to tackle the problem of global climate change at the dawn of the 21st century. After many years of involvement in the negotiation process, the book's two internationally recognised authors now offer the international community a first hand and inside perspective of the debate on the Kyoto Protocol. The book provides a comprehensive scholarly analysis of the history and content of the Protocol itself as well as of the economic, political and legal implications of its implementation. It also presents a perspective for the further development of the climate regime. These important features make this book an indispensable working tool for policy makers, negotiators, academics and all those actively involved and interested in climate change issues in both the developed and developing world.
  

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Contents

1 The Science of Climate Change
3
12 Causes and Effects
4
13 Climate Sceptics
10
2 Key Players and Interests
13
The European Union
14
JUSSCANNZ
17
23 Russia and the Countries with Economies in Transition
21
A Crumbling Block
24
133 Assessment and Outlook
158
14 The Clean Development Mechanism Article 12
165
142 The Rules Applying to the COM
168
143 Assessment and Outlook
171
15 Emissions Trading Article 17
187
151 Negotiating History
188
152 The Rules Applying to Emissions Trading
191
153 Assessment and Outlook
194

25 NonGovernmental and International Organisations
29
The Legal Basis of International Action
33
32 Institutional and Procedural Predeterminations
37
33 Development of the Convention
41
4 The Berlin Mandate and the AGBM Process
43
42 The Berlin Mandate
46
43 The Issues
49
The First Year
51
The Geneva Declaration
52
46 Approaching Kyoto
54
Multilateral and Bilateral Diplomacy
59
UNGASS
60
53 Regional Developments
61
54 Bilateral Diplomacy
63
Governmental and Nongovernmental Developments
65
62 Developments in the US
68
Other JUSSCANNZ Countries
70
Some Going Dirty
72
65 Others Going Green
73
66 Environmental NGOs
75
The Endgame
77
72 The Dynamics of the Kyoto Meeting
79
73 Modern Communication Technologies
82
74 The Estrada Factor
84
75 Approaching the Final Showdown
85
76 Negotiation by Exhaustion
88
The Provisions of the Kyoto Protocol A Commentary
93
8 Overview of Part II
95
9 Preamble and Definitions Article 1
99
92 Definitions
100
10 Policies and Measures Article 2
103
103 Assessment and Outlook
107
102 PAMs in the Kyoto Protocol
108
11 Emission Limitation and Reduction Commitments Article 3
115
What are the Limits to Emissions?
121
113 The Issue of Sinks Landuse Change and Forestry
130
114 Assessment and Outlook
136
12 Joint Fulfilment of Commitments Article 4
141
122 The Rules Applying to Bubbling
145
123 PostKyoto Developments in the European Union
147
124 Assessment and Outlook
149
13 Joint Implementation Article 6
151
132 The Rules Applying to Joint Implementation
155
16 Implementation Review and Compliance Articles 5 7 8161819
207
162 The Multilateral Consultative Process Article 16
212
163 The Procedure on Noncompliance Article 18
215
164 Dispute Settlement Article 19
222
17 Developing Country Participation Articles 1011
225
171 Negotiating History
226
Articles 10 and 11 of the Kyoto Protocol
232
173 Assessment and Outlook
233
18 Institutions Articles 131415
239
181 Negotiating History
240
182 The Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties COPMOP Article 13
242
183 The Secretariat Article 14
247
184 The Subsidiary Bodies Article 15
249
185 Ad Hoc Bodies
251
19 Review Development and Amendment of the Kyoto Protocol Articles 39 9 20 21
253
193 Amendments to the Protocol and its Annexes
257
194 Assessment and Outlook
258
20 Final Provisions of the Kyoto Protocol Articles 2228
261
202 Voting Rights Depositary Reservations and Withdrawal Articles 22 23 26 27 and 28
263
Conclusions and Outlook
265
21 Lessons from the Kyoto Process
267
212 The Importance of Situational Factors
269
High Politics in Global Society
271
22 Evaluation of the Kyoto Protocol
273
23 Synergies and Conflicts with Other International Institutions
279
232 The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
282
233 The Conventions on Biodiversity and Desertification
285
24 The Landscape of International Climate Politics at the Turn of the Century
287
242 The European Union and the Applicant Countries
291
243 The Umbrella Group
294
244 Developing Countries
296
245 Nongovernmental Developments
298
The State of Climate Policy and Some Underlying Causes
299
Towards a Leadership Initiative on Climate Change
301
Early Ratification
303
Measures for Domestic Implementation and their Coordination
305
Enhanced Involvement of Developing Countries
308
255 Conclusion
311
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
313
Bibliography
337
Index
353
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Dr. Hermann E. Ott is Acting Head of the Climate Policy Division of the Wuppertal Institute.