Energy and Conflict in Central Asia and the Caucasus
Robert E. Ebel, Rajan Menon
Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 2000 - Business & Economics - 267 pages
This timely study is the first to examine the relationship between competition for energy resources and the propensity for conflict in the Caspian region. Taking the discussion well beyond issues of pipeline politics and the significance of Caspian oil and gas to the global market, the book offers significant new findings concerning the impact of energy wealth on the political life and economies of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. The contributors, a leading group of scholars and policymakers, explore the differing interests of ruling elites, the political opposition, and minority ethnic and religious groups region-wide. Placing Caspian development in the broader international relations context, the book assesses the ways in which Russia, China, Iran, and Turkey are fighting to protect their interests in the newly independent states and how competition for production contracts and pipeline routes influences regional security. Specific chapters also link regional issues to central questions of international politics and to theoretical debates over the role of energy wealth in political and economic development worldwide. Woven throughout the implications for U.S. policy, giving the book wide appeal to policymakers, corporate executives, energy analysts, and scholars alike.
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Introduction Energy Conflict and Development in the Caspian Sea Region
The Caspian Region in the Twentyfirst Century
Crude Calculations OPEC Lessons for the Caspian Region
Azerbaijan The Politicization of Oil
Kazakhstan The LongTerm Costs of ShortTerm Gains
Turkmenistans Energy A Source of Wealth or Instability?
Regional Cooperation in Central Asia and the South Caucasus
USIranian Relations Competition or Cooperation in the Caspian Sea Basin
Paradigms for Russian Policy in the Caspian Region
The Afghan Civil War Implications for Central Asian Stability
Chinas Interest in Central Asia Energy and Ethnic Security
Turkeys Caspian Interests Economic and Security Opportunities
About the Contributors
The National Bureau of Asian Research
Afghan Afghanistan AIOC Aliyev Almaty Ankara Armenia Asian Azer Azerbaijan Azeris Baku Baku-Ceyhan border Caspian Basin Caspian energy Caspian oil Caspian region Caspian Sea Central Asia Chechnya China conflict cooperation countries country's domestic elite energy resources energy sector ethnic export pipeline foreign policy former Soviet future geopolitical Georgia groups important increased independence instability institutions interests Iran Iran's Iranian Islam Islamist issues Jones Luong Karabakh Kazakh Kazakhstan Kurdish Kyrgyzstan leaders major ment military million Moscow Muslim Nagorno-Karabakh natural gas neighbors Niyazov officials oil and gas oil companies oil export oil wealth OPEC Pakistan percent petrodollars petroleum pipeline routes population potential President problems production regime relations republics reserves revenues role Russia SOCAR South Caucasus Soviet Union stability strategic Tajikistan Taliban Tengiz tion trade trans-Caspian Transition Turk Turkey Turkey's Turkish Turkmen Turkmenistan U.S. government U.S. policy Uighur United Uzbek Uzbekistan Washington western Xinjiang