Evolutionary Worlds Without End

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Oxford University Press, 2010 - Psychology - 214 pages
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Diversity and complexity are the hallmarks of living forms. Yet science aims for general causal explanations of its observations. So how can these be reconciled? Is it possible for a science of life to conform to the requirement of a general theory - the type of theory seen in a 'hard' science such as physics? These are the questions that are explored in this important new book. In Evolutionary worlds without end, Henry Plotkin considerswhether there is any general theory in biology, including the social sciences, that is in any way equivalent to the general theories of physics. It starts by examining Ernest Rutherford's dictum as to what science is. In the later chapters he considers the possibility, within an historical framework, ofa general theory being based upon selection processes.In each case, the author argues, selection theory is strengthened by the universal addition of niche construction and ecological inheritance. Throughout, the author constructs a compelling argument for the idea that there are within biology, and that includes the social sciences, something like the general theories that make physics such powerful science. The book will be valuable for all those in thebiological and social sciences, in particular, biologists, psychologists, as well as philosophers of science.
  

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Contents

1 The Rutherford dictum and its meaning for biology
1
2 Plus ça change
25
3 The expansion of selection theory
51
4 Evolutionary epistemology
77
5 Selection and cultural change
105
6 Further applications of selection theory to aspects of human culture
141
7 Levels of selection
169
References
191
Index
207
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About the author (2010)


Henry Plotkin was born in South Africa. His first degrees were from the University of the Witwatersrand. He came to United Kingdom in 1964 and was employed by the Medical Research Council, receiving a doctorate in physiological psychology in 1968. He was awarded an MRC Fellowship, spent 1970-1972 at Stanford University and on returning to the UK took up a post as lecturer at University College London. He was made Reader in 1988 and then awarded a Professorship in 1993. He was Head of the Psychology Department at UCL from 1993-1998, becoming Emeritus Professor in 2005.

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