Practising femininity: domestic realism and the performance of gender in early Canadian fiction

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University of Toronto Press, Apr 1, 1998 - Literary Criticism - 139 pages
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Femininity in colonial societies is a particularly contested element of the sex/gender system; while it draws on a conservative belief in universal and continuous values, it is undermined by the liberal rhetoric of freedom characteristic of the New World. Practising Femininity analyses the ways in which Canadian texts by Catharine Parr Traill, Susanna Moodie, Nellie McClung, Sinclair Ross, and others work to produce and naturalize femininity in a colonial setting.

Drawing on Judith Butler's definition of gender as performance, Misao Dean shows how practices which seem to transgress the feminine ideal - the difficulties of emigration, physical labour, autobiographical writing, work for wages, sexual desire, and suffrage activism - were justified by Canadian writers as legitimate expressions of an unvarying feminine inner self. Early Canadian writers cited a feminine gender ideal which emphasized love of home and adherence to duty; New Women and Suffrage writers attributed sexuality to a biological desire to reproduce; in the work of Sinclair Ross, the feminine ideal was moulded by prevailing Freudian models of femininity.

This study is grounded in the most important current gender theories, and will interest Canadian literary scholars, feminist historians and theoreticians, and students of women's studies.

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Contents

The Female Emigrants Guide as the Mending Basket
16
Romance and Politics in Rosanna Leprohons
42
New Woman Fiction in Canada
57
Copyright

3 other sections not shown

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About the author (1998)

MISAO DEAN is an associate professor in the Department of English at the University of Victoria and author of A Different Point of View: Sara Jeannette Duncan.