Finland and National Liberation in Southern Africa
Finland’s special characteristic as a Nordic, non-aligned welfare state gave it the resources and motivation to support liberation movements -- in spite of restrictions arising from trade interests and a reluctance to jeopardize the country’s neutral image. The study shows that, although it is not an easy task, in a democratic country, dedicated people can, over time, influence political decision making in its most closed and guarded area, foreign politics.
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The civil society grows and goes international
Proclaiming the gospel or politics?
Finland supporting liberation struggles
South Africa ANC and the boycott question
Sources and Bibliography
Finlands direct support to Namibia and SWAPO
active activists Angola apartheid assistance Auala became boycott campaign church colonialism Committee of 100 contacts Dar es Salaam decision-making development aid development cooperation diplomatic discussion donation Embassy Erkki Erkki Liikanen Finland's foreign policy Finland's policy Finnchurchaid Finnish foreign policy Finnish Government Finnish Missionary Foreign Ministry Foreign Ministry's Archives FRELIMO funds Heino Helsinki humanitarian Ihamaki important independence Interview issue Janet Mondlane Juva Kuisma leftist liberation movements liberation struggle Lohikoski Martti Ahtisaari ment Mikko Minister Missionary Society mobilise Mozambique Mozambique Institute MPLA Namibia Namibian question neutrality NGOs Nickey lyambo Nordic countries Nujoma official organisations Ovamboland PAIGC Peace President Kekkonen Pyhala radical refugees relations representatives Risto Kuisma role Salaam scholarship programme schools situation Social Democratic solidarity South Africa South Africa Committee South West Southern Africa Soviet Union started Suomen SWAPO Sweden Taksvarkki Tanzania tion trade unions UNSA wanted World