The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide (Google eBook)

Front Cover
ABC-CLIO, 2007 - Science - 326 pages
4 Reviews

What is a chemical compound? Compounds are substances that are two or more elements combined together chemically in a standard proportion by weight. Compounds are all around us - they include familiar things, such as water, and more esoteric substances, such as triuranium octaoxide, the most commonly occurring natural source for uranium. This reference guide gives us a tour of 100 of the most important, common, unusual, and intriguing compounds known to science. Each entry gives an extensive explanation of the composition, molecular formula, and chemical properties of the compound. In addition, each entry reviews the relevant chemistry, history, and uses of the compound, with discussions of the origin of the compound's name, the discovery or first synthesis of the compound, production statistics, and uses of the compound.

  

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Physical and chemical properties of compounds, along with uses, synthesis, historical information, structures, cultural and economic significance. Interesting historical tidbits Drugs, industrial ... Read full review

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Contents

2 Acetone
4
3 Acetylene
7
4 Acetylsalicylic Acid
10
5 Adenine
13
6 Adenosine Triphosphate ATP
18
7 Adipic Acid
20
8 AluminumIII Oxide Al2O3
24
9 Ammonia
27
52 IronIII Oxide
160
53 Isooctane
164
54 Isoprene
167
55 LDopa See 33 Dopamine LDopa
171
57 Methyl Alcohol Methanol
174
58 Methylphenidate Ritalin
178
59 Monosodium Glutamate
181
60 Morphine
184

10 Ascorbic Acid
30
11 Aspartame
33
12 Benzene
36
13 Benzoic Acid
40
14 Biphenyl and PCBs
43
15 Butane
46
16 Butene
49
17 Butyric and Fatty Acids
52
18 Caffeine
55
19 Calcium Carbonate
59
20 Calcium Oxide Lime
62
21 Calcium Sulfate Gypsum
65
22 Carbon Dioxide
68
23 Carbon Monoxide
72
24 Chloroform
75
25 Chlorophyll
78
26 Cholesterol
81
27 Citric Acid
85
28 Cocaine
88
29 Cytosine Thymine and Uracil
92
30 DDT
95
31 DEET
98
32 Dichlorodifluoromethane CFC12
101
33 Dopamine LDopa
105
34 Epinephrine Adrenaline
108
35 Ethane
111
36 Ethene Ethylene
113
37 Ether
117
38 Ethyl Alcohol Ethanol
120
39 Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid EDTA
124
40 Fluoxetine Prozac
127
41 Formaldehyde
130
42 Formic Acid
132
43 Glucose
134
44 Glycerol Glycerin
138
45 Guanine
140
46 Hydrochloric Acid
141
47 Hydrogen Peroxide
144
48 Hydrogen Sulfide
147
49 Ibuprofen
150
50 Indigo
152
51 Insulin
156
61 Naphthalene
188
62 Nicotine
191
63 Nitric Acid
194
64 Nitric Oxide
197
67 Nitroglycerin
202
68 Norethindrone
205
69 Penicillin
209
70 Phenol
214
71 Phosphoric Acid
218
72 Piperine
221
73 Potassium Carbonate
224
74 Potassium Nitrate
227
75 Propane
231
76 Propylene
234
77 Quinine
238
78 Saccharin
241
79 Silicon Dioxide Silica
244
80 Sodium Bicarbonate
247
81 Sodium Carbonate
249
82 Sodium Chloride
252
83 Sodium Hydroxide
257
84 Sodium Hypochlorite
260
85 Strychnine
263
86 Styrene
266
87 Sucrose
268
88 Sulfuric Acid
271
89 Tetrafluoroethylene
275
90 Tetrahydrocannabinol THC
278
91 Thymine See 29 Cytosine Thymine and Uracil
281
93 Toluene
283
94 Triuranium Octaoxide
285
95 Uracil See 29 Cytosine Thymine and Uracil
288
97 Vanillin
291
98 Vinyl Chloride
295
99 Water
298
100 Xylene
303
Common and Ancient Names of Substances
307
Glossary
309
Selected Bibliography
315
Index
319
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

RICHARD L. MYERS is Professor of Environmental Science at Alaska Pacific University. He has taught chemistry, oceanography, meteorology, and physics classes and conducted research on urban environmental issues. His work has appeared in the Journal of Environmental Health,The Northern Engineer, Journal of Chemical Education, andJournal of College Science Teaching. His teaching awards include the Carnegie Foundation Alaska Professor of the Year, Higher Education Award from the United Methodist Church, President's Forum Teaching Award, and Ohaus Award for Innovations in College Science Teaching. teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in chemistry, statistics, and environmental science. Dr. Myers' published research includes work on air quality, water quality, science education, and science and the humanities.

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