Forest succession on four habitat types in western Montana
Stephen F. Arno, Dennis G. Simmerman, Robert E. Keane, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden, Utah)
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1985 - Nature - 74 pages
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ABLA ABLA/MEFE h.t. ABLA/XETE Arno Average d.b.h. Basal area broadcast burning Calamagrostis rubescens Carex geyeri CARU Ceanothus Ceanothus velutinus CEVE clearcutting CM CM CM cold phase combined coverages community type row d.b.h. of dominant depauperate Douglas-fir EPAN H CM H H H lodgepole pine major component mature seral forest mature stands MEFE-VAGL Menziesia ferruginea number of stems overstory percent Pfister phase sites PHMA Physocarpus malvaceus PICO Pinus contorta ponderosa pine potential vegetation type Pseudotsuga PSME Salix scouleriana sample stands SAPLING SASC scarification seral communities SHRUB-HERB slash treatment stand age Stand Characteristics stand in question stand-replacing wildfire subalpine fir successional classification SUCCESSIONAL COMMUNITY TYPES surface fires tree canopy coverage tree succession type row number U.S. Department undergrowth understory Vaccinium globulare Vaccinium scoparium VAGL phase VASC phase western larch western Montana wildfire Xerophyllum tenax