The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes, Volume 57 (Google eBook)

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Howard Griffith, Paul Jarvis
Garland Science, Aug 15, 2004 - Science - 720 pages
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The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes provides an informed synthesis on the current status of forests and their future potential for carbon sequestration.

This volume is timely, since convincing models which scale from local to regional carbon fluxes are needed to support these international agreements, whilst criticisms have been levelled at existing empirical approaches. One key question is to determine how well eddy-flux measurements at the stand-level represent regional-scale processes. This may be related to specific management practices (age, plantation, fertilisation) or simple bias in choosing representative sites (ease of access, roughness, proximity to physical barriers). The ecology and regeneration state of temperate, tropical and boreal forests under current climatic conditions are discussed, together with partitioning of photosynthetic and respiratory fluxes from soils and vegetation. The volume considers how to integrate contrasting methodologies, and the latest approaches for scaling from stand to the planetary boundary layer.

  

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Contents

1 The Global Imperative and Policy for Carbon Sequestration
1
2 Role of Forest Biomes in the Global Carbon Balance
19
3 Carbon Sequestration in European Croplands
49
The UK Experience
59
5 RegionalScale Estimates of Forest CO2 and Isotope Flux Based on Monthly CO2 Budgets of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer
81
6 Regional Measurement and Modelling of Carbon Balances
98
7 The Potential for Risking CO2 to Account for the Observed Uptake of Carbon by Tropical Temperate and Boreal Forest Biomes
115
8 Measurement of CO2 Exchange Between Boreal Forest and the Atmosphere
156
10 The Carbon Balance of the Tropical Forest Biome
232
Detectability of Changes in Soil Carbon Stocks in Temperate and Boreal Forests
252
12 Fractional Contributions by Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Respiration to Soilsurface CO2 Effluxin Boreal Forests
269
13 Trace Gas and CO2 Contributions of Northern Peatlands to Global Warming Potential
288
14 Contribution of Trace Gases Nitrous Oxide N2O and Methane CH4 to the Atmospheric Warming Balance of Forest Biomes
313
15 Effects of Reforestation Deforestation and Afforestation on Carbon Storage in Soils
342
Managing Forests to Conserve Carbon
356
Index
378

9 Carbon Exchange of Deciduous Broadleaved Forests in Temperate and Mediterranean Regions
196

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