Reflection revisited: Jürgen Habermas's discursive theory of truth
Jurgen Habermas, particularly in his master work Theory of Communicative Action (1981), takes us several of the basic insights of the philosophical tradition of reflection initiated by Kant, and sets it on a new and highly original emancipative path. He claims that reflection not only can determine the limits of reasoning about thought and action, but also can grasp the limits that human agents face in freeing themselves form unjust social and economic structures. Human agents can engage in constructive and emancipative communication with others by determining the limits not of their own consciousness, but of the intersubjective structures shared in everyday communication. Reflection Revisited examines Habermas' own two-stage development of this theory of emancipative reflection and explicates how he applies reflection specifically to the problems of personal identity development and ethics.
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Habermass Critique of the Use of Reflection in Theories
The Early Habermas and the Development
Habermass Development of a Reflective Acceptability
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achieve actors analysis analyze argumentation behavior cognitive communicative action concept consciousness constituted context critical Critical Theory critique Dasein determination Dilthey discourse ethics ego-identity empirical ethical-existential experience explicated expressed Fichte Fichte's form of reflection formal pragmatics Frankfurt am Main Gadamer grounds Haber Habermas argues Habermas claims Habermas's Hegel Heidegger Heidegger's Henrich hermeneutic Husserl Ibid ideal identity illocutionary individual interaction interests interpretation intersubjective intuition Kant Kant's language lifeworld limits linguistic Logic MCCA meaning mediation metaphysical moral norm object objectivizing one's ontological Peirce perspectives Phenomenology Phenomenology of Spirit practical problem problematized proposition psychoanalysis rational recognition reconstruction refer reflective acceptability reflexive reflexive relation relation role Rorty Schelling self-consciousness self-reflection self-relation semantic social speaker specific speech act structures Suhrkamp symbolic temporal theoretical theory of reflection theory of truth Thomas McCarthy tion tive trans transcendent transcendental Tugendhat understanding University Press validity claims