The Deccan Ryots and Their Land Tenure (Google eBook)

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Printed at the Bombay Gazette Press, 1852 - Land tenure - 136 pages
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Page 26 - Furthermore, to assist in tracing the causes to which the prosperity or decline of villages, or tracts containing several villages, are to be attributed, independent statements of the annual revenue Settlements of each village should be prepared ; and from these again, a general statement for the whole district, or any portion of it should be framed, and its accuracy tested by a comparison with the general accounts of the taluka, and from the returns so prepared and corrected, the diagrams should...
Page 22 - The fixed field assessment for the term of thirty years, introduced by our surveys, thus secures to the cultivator the full advantages of a thirty years' lease without burdening him with any condition beyond that of discharging the assessment for the single year to which his engagement extends. He has thus all the security of tenure which the longest lease could confer, without the attendant liabilities and risk which his limited capital and precarious circumstances would be quite inadequate to...
Page 25 - This, in our opinion, can best be done by the aid of diagrams, constructed so as to exhibit, in contiguous columns, by linear proportions, the amount and fluctuations of the assessment, collections, and cultivation, for each of the years to which they relate, so as to convey to the mind clear and definite conceptions of the subject, such as it is scarcely possible to obtain from figured statements, even after the most laborious and attentive study. The information to be embodied in the diagram best...
Page 22 - ... the best mode of fixing the absolute amount of assessment to be so distributed. The first question for consideration is, the extent of territory for which a uniform standard of assessment should be fixed. This will depend upon the influences we admit into consideration with a view to determine the point. Among the most important of these influences may be ranked climate, position with respect to markets, agricultural skill, and the actual condition of the cultivators. The first of these may be...
Page 19 - ... 17. From the difficulty of ascertaining the true rent of different descriptions of land, we have not assumed any theoretical proportion of this for the standard of our assessment ; but we fully coincide in the justice of the principle of limiting the Government demand to a portion of the true rent, and believe 50 to 80 per cent. thereof, as laid down by the Board, would form a liberal assessment, and that this principle, if capable of being carried into practice, would prove an invaluable blessing...
Page 24 - ... the officer on whom it devolves. The first requisite is to obtain a clear understanding of the nature and effects of our past management of the district, which will be best arrived at by an examination and comparison of the annual revenue Settlements of as many previous years as trustworthy data may be procurable for, and from local inquiries of the people, during the progress of the survey. The information collected on the subject of past revenue Settlements should...
Page 26 - The information thus collected and exhibited, with that obtained by local inquiries into the past history of the district, will generally enable us to trace the causes which have affected its past condition ; and a knowledge of these, aided by a comparison of the capabilities of the district with those of others in its neighbourhood, will lead to a satisfactory conclusion regarding the amount of assessment to be imposed.
Page 24 - ... only remains, in order to complete the settlement, to fix the absolute amount of assessment to be levied from the whole. " The determination of this point is, perhaps, the most important and difficult operation connected with the survey, and requires, beyond all others, the exercise of great judgment and discrimination on the part of the officer on whom it devolves. The first requisite is to obtain a clear understanding of the nature and effects of our past management of the district, which will...
Page 29 - When there are more sharers than two in a field, and any of them relinquishes a share, or dies without heirs, it should be offered as above to the sharers in the first instance, beginning, in event of their failing to settle the matter amongst themselves, with the largest sharer, and so on to the least. If none of these, nor any other party be found to take up the relinquished share, the whole field must be thrown up.
Page 29 - Whoever has a field, or portion of one, entered in his name in the Government accounts, may have the said field or portion transferred to the name of any other person agreeing to cultivate the same, on his making a written application to that effect in the usual "razeenama,

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