Necessary goods: our responsibility to meet others' needs
Do any needs defensibly make claims on anyone? If so, which needs and whose needs can defensibly do this? What are the grounds for our responsibilities to meet others' needs, when we have such responsibilities? The distinguished contributors to this volume consider these questions as they evaluate the moral force of needs. They approach questions of obligation and moral importance from a variety of different theoretical perspectives, including contractarian, Kantian, Aristotelian, rights-based, egalitarian, liberal, and libertarian perspectives.
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Necessity and Desire
What Is the Force of the Claim That One Needs Something?
The Concept of Needs with a Heartwarming Offer of
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able action agents argue argument Aristotelian Aristotle autonomy Cambridge capabilities circumstances citizens claim concept of needs conflict constraints David Wiggins defensible depends desire discussion duty enabled to meet ensure Ethics example free volitional needs H. L. A. Hart harm human functioning human needs important initial acquisition interests Joel Feinberg John Hospers John Rawls justice justified Kantian liberal liberty living Lockean Lockean proviso Martha Nussbaum Matters of Need meet needs meet their basic meet their needs Minimum Standards need satisfaction needy Nozick obligations one's basic needs Onora O'Neill Oxford person Philosophy political poor Principle of Precedence property rights question rational Rawls reason recognize require resolution principle rich right to welfare satisfy their basic simply social morality society sort Spencerian libertarians Standards of Provision surplus theory Theory of Justice things Tibor Machan tion University Press utilitarianism vulnerable welfare liberals welfare rights