European lithosphere dynamics
D. G. Gee, Randell A. Stephenson
Geological Society, 2006 - Plate tectonics - 662 pages
Europe provides an outstanding field laboratory for studying lithospheric processes through time, for tracing the tectonic evolution of crust and mantle from the present far back into the early Precambrian. Two things are particularly striking: the importance of plate tectonics during the Phanerozoic and through the Proterozic into the Archeaen, and the significance of tectonic inheritance, older structures and rheologies guiding the younger evolution. 'European Lithosphere Dynamics' grew out of a major European Science Foundation programme, EUROPROBE, with participation of many hundreds of Earth scientists from all over Europe. The main research activities focused on specific target areas and involved integration of geological, geophysical and geochemical methods. Defining surface-depth relationships was a prerequisite for interpretation of the processes, present and past, responsible for the formation of the lithosphere.
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Ziegler P A Dezes P Crustal evolution of Western and Central Europe
Stampfli G M Kozur H W Europe from the Variscan to the Alpine cycles
R M Torsvik T H European geography in a global context from the Vendian to
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accreted accretionary activity Alpine Alps anomalies asthenosphere Avalonia back-arc Baltic Shield Baltica basalts basement belt beneath Bohemian Massif boundary calc-alkaline Carboniferous Carpathians Cenozoic Central Europe Cloetingh collision complex continental margin crustal structure deformation deposits depth Devonian Early Earth and Planetary East European Craton Eastern Mediterranean emplacement etal extensional fault foreland geodynamic Geological Society Geophysical Gondwana Horvath Iberian interpreted isotope Journal Jurassic Late Cretaceous litho lithosphere lithospheric mantle London lower crust magmatism mantle plume Massif Central Memoirs Mesozoic metamorphic Miocene Moho nappes Neoproterozoic Neotethys North northern oceanic ophiolites Ordovician orogenic Palaeozoic Pannonian Basin passive margin Permian Permo-Carboniferous plate platform region Robertson sedimentary sediments seismic reflection slab Spakman Special Publications Stampfli subduction zone subsidence Suture Zone Tectonophysics terranes Tertiary Tethys thermal thickness thrust tomography transect Triassic Turkey uplift upper mantle Uralian Uralides Variscan orogen Variscides velocity volcanic rocks western Ziegler