The Battle of Lechfeld and Its Aftermath, August 955: The End of the Age of Migrations in the Latin West
In August 955 the forces of Otto the Great annihilated a huge army of Hungarian mounted archers in an encounter known as the battle of Lechfeld. This book provides the first satisfactory explanation for the decisive nature of Otto's victory which effectively ended the incursions of steppe nomads into Western Europe. A detailed reconstruction of the battle is preceded by chapters analyzing 10th-century Germany and the strengths of nomadic styles of warfare. A pioneering aspect is the consideration of environmental factors, not only the limits they imposed on the expansion of the nomadic way of life into Europe, but also the impact the local environment had on the outcome of the battle.
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agrarii milites Annales annihilated armed Arnulf arrows attack Augsburg August Avars battle of Lechfeld Bavaria Bishop Ulrich Bohemians Bowlus Byzantine campaign Carantania Carolingian Carpathian Basin commanders composite bows Conrad the Red Danube defeat defense defense-in-depth duchy Duke Henry East Frankish Ebersberg encounter enemy equestrian exercitus expeditions fighting flank fleeing forest fortifications fortress Franconia Freising Gerhard heavy cavalry Henry's historians horse archers horsemen Hungarian army Hungarian forces Ibid Iller infantry invaded invasion Isar kilometers king king's landscape large number Lawrence patronyms leader Lech Leyser Liudolf Liutpoldinger Liutpoldings Magyar army Magyars military missiles mounted archers opponents Otto Otto's army Otto's forces Ottonian pastures protected rear Regensburg region Reindel Res gestae Saxonicae retreat river crossings Roman Salzburg Saxon Saxon monk Scherff siege Slavs soldiers St Lawrence church St Lawrence's Day steppe steppe warriors strategy Swabian tactical tenth century terrain territory trained Vegetius victory weapons western Widukind