Balkan Biodiversity: Pattern and Process in the European Hotspot

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Huw I. Griffiths, Boris Kryštufek, Jane M. Reed
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 1, 2004 - Nature - 357 pages
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Balkan Biodiversity is the first attempt to synthesise our current understanding of biodiversity in the great European hot spot. The conservation of biodiversity is one of today’s great ecological challenges but Balkan biodiversity is still poorly understood, in a region with complex physical geography and a long history of political conflict. The Balkans exhibit outstanding levels of endemism, particularly in caves and ancient lakes such as Ohrid; lying at the crossroads of Europe and Asia they are also renowned as a focus of Pleistocene glacial refugia. This volume unites a diverse group of international researchers for the first time. Its interdisciplinary approach gives a broad perspective on biodiversity at the level of the gene, species and ecosystem, including contributions on temporal change. Biological groups include plants, mammals, spiders and humans, cave-dwelling organisms, fish, aquatic invertebrates and algae. The book should be read by zoologists, botanists, speleobiologists, palaeoecologists, palaeolimnologists and environmental scientists.

  

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Contents

Pattern and process in Balkan Biodiversity an overview
1
The physical geography of the Balkans and nomenclature of place names
9
Terrestrial
23
East Mediterranean vegetarian and climate change
25
The Balkans as prime glacial refugial territory of European temperate trees
49
Quaternary biotic interactions in Slovenia and adjacent regions the vegetarian
69
A quantitative assessment of Balkan mammal diversity
79
Karyotypic variation in mammals of the Balkan Peninsula
109
Aquatic
201
Distribution pattern of the aquatic fauna of the Balkan Peninsula
203
The biodiversity mollusc fauna of ancient lakes in the context of the historical biogeography of the Balkan region
219
A faunistic of the modern and fossil molluscan fauna from Lake Pamvotis Ioannina an ancient lake in NW Greece Implications for endemism in the ...
243
Fossil ostracods faunistics and the evolution of regional biodiversity
261
The potential of diatoms as biodiversity indicators in the Balkans
273
The current status of Adriatic fish biodiversity
291
Subterranean
307

Late Pleistocene rodent dispersal in the Balkans
135
Early hominids in the Balkans
147
The biodiversity of amphibian and reptiles in the Balkan Peninsula
167
A zoogeographical review of the spiders Araneae of the Balkan Peninsula
193
A census of the obligate subterranean fauna of the Balkan Peninsula
309
Diversity of Copepoda Crustacea in the unsaturated zone of Karstic caves of Slovenia
323
Subject Index
333
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Page 288 - Sogin, ML (1991). Morphological and genetic variation within the diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta) — evidence for a new species, Skeletonema pseudocostatum.
Page 162 - D., 1906; Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Ein Beitrag zur Paläoanthropologie. Studien über die Entwicklungsmechanik des Primatenskelettes mit Besond. Berücks. d. Anthrop. u. Descendenzlehre, 2 Lief., Wiesbaden. GORJANOVIC-KRAMBERGER D., 1913; 2ivot i kultura diluvijalnoga covjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj.

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