## SurveyingThe tenth edition of this classic work completely modernizes much of the notation, form, and substance of the original. By removing much of the dated information, the authors have been able to add entire new chapters on GPS and GIS. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on NAD 83 over NAD 27 as the new datum is being utilized more frequently. Readers familiar with previous editions of this textbook will still recognize its clear, yet rigorous explanation of topics. No shortcuts are taken in the presentation of material from the time a concept is introduced through its exploration in worked examples. The book's tradition of covering both plane and geodetic surveying has been preserved, which makes it the most comprehensive introductory text on surveying in the market. |

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### Contents

Introduction | 1 |

by the Compass Rule 290 816 LeastSquares Adjustment 292 817 Remarks | 8 |

Metric Equivalents 6 15 Centesimal System 7 16 Tables 8 17 Field Notes | 9 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

accuracy adjustment alidade altimeter Amer angular azimuth backsight is taken benchmarks circle reading clockwise compass computed Cong coordinates correct curve deflection angles determined difference in elevation double centering EDM's equations Example eyepiece field Figure foresight readings frequency given graduations ground gyrocompass gyroscope horizontal angle horizontal circle horizontal distance instrument interior angles interval known latitude level bubble leveling rod leveling screws line of sight located magnetic bearing magnetic declination Mapp mark mean measured angle meridian method metres micrometer needle observer obtained optical micrometer plane plumb bob position precision random errors reflector residuals rod reading rotation scale setup shown in Fig sides slope distance standard error station Surv Surveying and Mapping tacheometry tangent screw tape length tapeman target telescope temperature tension theodolite total station transit traverse triangle tripod turning point upper clamp vernier vertical angle vertical circle weight zenith angle zero