Phoronyms: Classifiers, Class Nouns, and the Pseudopartitive Construction
This is the first book devoted to the phoronym, a largely overlooked grammatical category that includes measures such as «cup in «a cup of tea, classifiers such as «head in «ten head of cattle, and other types, all of which occur in the pseudopartitive construction. Both measures and noun classification (the defining feature of classifiers) are thought to occur in all languages, so the phoronym is a linguistic universal. This book is the first to combine the two major theoretical approaches to the topic and includes the first detailed studies of group classifiers and repeaters, as well as the first study of classifiers in Finnish and Russian. It also covers class nouns and their components - which are connected grammatically and semantically to both classifiers and gender - and discusses possible connections of classifiers with sublinguistic cognition. The analysis focuses on Mandarin Chinese, English, Japanese, and Thai, but Finnish, Hungarian, Tibetan, Uzbek, and other languages are also discussed.
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actually adjective agreement Aikhenvald 2000 anaphorically animacy animals basic level nouns Beckwith beer bought Chinese class nouns class term classifier assignment classifier categories classifier languages classifier systems clitic concord constituent count nouns Craig DeLancey discussion distinction duarj English group classifiers Erbaugh European languages fact Finnish formal functional typologists gender genitive grammatical grammaticized Grinevald 2000 Grinevald and Seifart group classifiers head noun herd honorific image schemas Jackendoff 1977 Japanese kaksi lexical linguistic Mandarin marking mass nouns mensural classifiers morphemes morphological non-classifying noun categorization noun classification noun phrase nouns referring number marker obligatory occur overt pack partitive and pseudopartitive partitive construction partitive-genitive phoronym pronouns pseudopartitive constructions quantifier Russian salient Selkirk semantic Senft sentence sheep singular sortal classifiers sortal group classifiers sortal unit classifiers speakers Standard Mandarin subtype suffix superordinate syntactic taxonomic Thai things Tibetan true classifiers typology unlike usage Uzbek words zenbu