Public participation in urban development: the European experience
The best implemented urban development plans are those that command public support. A key aspect of the process for planning and controlling development is the way that individuals and organizations participate in the decisions made by local planning authorities.This book compares public participation in a selection of European counties. Using the UK, France, and Sweden as examples of alternative approaches to urban planning, the author examines public participation both at the planning and development control stages. Based on interviews with local resident groups, chambers of commerce, developers, and planners, as well as he analysis of planning and development decisions. Barlow argues that the approach to urban planning influences the way that public participation occurs. In the UK, there are more opportunities for the public to intervene in the development process. In France, there is a growing use of legal mechanisms to protest development decisions, although participation in planning remains constrained. In Sweden, participation occurs largely at the planning stage and opportunities to protest are limited once development decisions have been made.
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Government structures and urban planning
Public participation in plan formation
Public participation in the developmentcontrol process
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Alterman appeal approach to planning argued associations Barlow Bazacle Berkshire Berkshire County Council Britain British business community cent Chapter community groups consultation corporatism corporatist CQBBA cumul des mandats decision rules detailed development consent development control development politics development-control discussion DVMP E4 Corridor employers Essonne European extent formal forms France and Sweden French case-study areas growth coalitions Healey housebuilding implications interest groups intervention interviewee issues land land-use plan landowners major mayor Molotch negotiation nimby nimbyism organisations participation in plan parties plan inquiries planning applications planning authorities planning decision-making planning decisions planning inspector planning officers planning permission planning policy planning process planning system political networks politics of urban problems protest public inquiry public involvement public participation regional residents scheme SDAU social South Paris Stockholm structure plan three countries tribunal administratif Upplands Vasby urban development urban planning urban regimes urban-development politics Wokingham Yvelines zoning