High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 14, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 343 pages
High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers covers the analysis and design of all high-frequency oscillators required to realize integrated transceivers for wireless and wired applications. This includes the design of oscillator types as single-phase LC oscillators, I/Q LC oscillators, multi-phase LC oscillators, and ring oscillators in various IC technologies such as bipolar, BiCMOS, CMOS, and SOI (silicon on insulator). Starting from an in depth review of basic oscillator theory, the authors discuss key oscillator specifications, numerous oscillator circuit topologies, and introduce the concepts of design figures of merit (FOMs) and benchmark FOMs, which assist the oscillator designer during the overall design cycle. Taking advantage of behavioral modeling, the elementary properties of LC oscillators and ring oscillators are analyzed first. A detailed analysis of oscillator properties at circuit level follows taking parasitic elements and other practical aspects of integrated oscillator design into account. Special attention is given to advantages and limitations of linear time invariant (LTI) phase noise modeling, leading to the concept of optimum coupling in I/Q LC oscillators and a simulation method for fast and efficient phase noise optimization in oscillators. In addition, all modern linear time variant (LTV) phase noise theories are covered. As not only phase noise is of high importance to the designer, but optimization of other oscillator properties as well, additional subjects such as various tuning methods of LC oscillators are analyzed, too. Design examples of integrated LC and ring oscillators in the frequency range of 100 MHz up to 11 GHz are thoroughly discussed throughout the book. The clear and structured discussion of basic oscillator properties make High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers an excellent starting point for the inexperienced oscillator designer. The detailed analysis of many oscillator types and circuit topologies, the discussion of numerous practical design issues together with fast optimization methods, and more than 200 carefully selected literature references on oscillator literature, LC oscillator and ring oscillator designs make this book a very valuable resource for the experienced IC designer as well.
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Structured design with FOMs 37
Elementary properties 89
Figures of merit
Design examples 215
Resonator quality factor 255
F Bipolar and MOS AC calculation model 271
J Q and f of linear ring oscillators 287
ACPN amplitude analog design behavioral model benchmark FOMs BiCMOS bipolar buffer calculated capacitance capacitor Chapter cillator circuit topology CMOS condition for oscillation cross-coupled crystal oscillator current source dBc/Hz derived design FOM design process device differential pair discussed example feedback functional specification harmonics IEEE IEEE Journal ofSolid-State implementation inductors input Integrated Circuits ISSCC jitter Journal ofSolid-State Circuits Kasperkovitz layout LC oscillator limited linear maximum multi-phase LC oscillator N-stage LC oscillator N-stage ring oscillator negative resistance noise shaping noise sources nonlinear offset frequency open-loop gain optimization oscilla oscillation frequency oscillator design oscillator in Figure oscillator properties output signal performance phase noise phase noise sidebands power dissipation practical oscillator quadrature quality factor relaxation oscillator resistor Section shown in Figure simulation single-phase LC oscillator Solid-State Circuits Conf start-up supply voltage switching Table tail current transceiver transconductance transfer function tuning range two-integrator oscillator varactor waveform