Martyrdom and Noble Death: Selected Texts from Graeco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian Antiquity

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Psychology Press, Jan 1, 2002 - Family & Relationships - 200 pages
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This volume explores the fascinating phenomenon of noble death through pagan, Jewish and Christian sources. Today's society is uncomfortable with death, and willingly submitting to a violent and ostentatious death in public is seen as particularly shocking and unusual. Yet classical sources give a different view, with public self-sacrifice often being applauded. The Romans admired a heroic end in the battlefield or the arena, suicide in the tradition of Socrates was something laudable, and Christians and Jews alike faithfully commemorated their heroes who died during religious persecutions. The cross-cultural approach and wide chronological range of this study make it valuable for students and scholars of ancient history, religion and literature.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Pagan traditions of noble death
9
Noble death in early Jewish sources
42
3746 70
48
Maccabees 5
72
Philo Efery Goo Person is Free Quod omnis probus liber sit 8891 7 6
76
11010
79
Josephusjetvish War 7 389406
83
Prj? o Diognetus 1 1 5 1117 6 710 7 79
129
Martyrdom and noble death in the rabbinic tradition
132
Yose ben Yoezer and Yaqim ofTserorot
142
Pappus and Lulianus
144
Miriam bat Tanhum and her seven sons
145
R Aqiva
151
R Aqiva
153
R Hanina ben Teradion
157

Christian martyrs from the first to the third century CE
88
Clement 56
104
Ignatius Letter to the Romans 1 17 3
107
Ascension of Isaiah 5
111
Martyrdom of Poly carp 1415
114
Acts of Justin
116
Martyrdom ofLyon and Vienne Martyrium Lugdunensium Eusebius fw or 5 1 3647
120
Perpetuas Passion 6 and 10
125
R Hanina ben Teradion
159
R Shimon and R Yishmael
166
119 The Binding of Isaac
168
The Binding of Isaac
171
Bibliography
177
Index
193
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