On Defining and Measuring the Informal Sector
World Bank, Africa Technical Families, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management 1, 2006 - Empleo informal - 50 pages
"A range of alternative empirical definitions of informal activity have been employed in the literature. Choice of definition is often dictated by data availability. Different definitions may imply very different conceptual understandings of informality. In this paper the authors investigate the degree of congruence between three definitions of informality based on employment contract registration, social security protection, and the characteristics of the employer and employment using Brazilian household survey data for the period 1992 to 2001. The authors present evidence showing that 64 percent of the economically active population are informal according to at least one definition, but only 40 percent are informal according to all three. Steady compositional changes have been taking place among informal workers, conditional on definition.
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according to definition agricultural alternative definitions associated with informality Barros and Corseuil Belo Horizonte binary indicator Brazil choice of definition classified as formal classified as informal computations from PNAD contract registration creative and technical defining informality definition of informality Descriptive analysis domestic workers economic status economically active educational attainment employment status entrepreneurial estimate February 2006 February Gong groups IBGE individual informal according informal activity informal employment informal sector informal status Informality is rising labor contract Labor Economics labor market likelihood of informality Maloney March 2006 March marginal effects occupational panel data percentage points personal and catering population weights proportion rates of informality registered contract Research Working Paper retailing and distribution security institute membership Self-employment signed labor card social protection social security coverage social security institute social security protection social security status Soest SS Institute member SS membership strongly associated Table temporary workers three definitions trade liberalization World Bank World Development