A Bioethical Analysis of Sexual Reorientation Interventions: The Ethics of Conversion Therapy (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Universal-Publishers, 2003 - Medical - 438 pages
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Of text -- Introduction -- Section I: Ethics -- A methodology for ethical analysis -- The stakeholders and their issues -- Section II: Morally relevant facts and fictions -- Homosexual incidence and prevalence -- Cross cultural sexuality -- Bisexuality -- Heterosexism, homonegativity, and homophobia -- Section III: Original theories and theories of origin -- The essentialists and social constructionists -- A biological philosophy of sexual orientation -- A psychological philosophy of sexual orientation -- Sexual reorientation interventions -- The professional associations -- Section IV: Queer philosophy -- Identity evolution and the historical homosexual -- Queer theory -- Homosexual identity development -- Section V: Bioethics -- Bioethics and substituted judgment -- Bioethics and biotechnology -- Bioethics and religion -- Bioethics of sexual shame -- Bioethics and psychiatry -- Section VI: Bioethical analysis -- Postmodern bioethics.
  

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Contents

Hormones and Prenatal Interventions
179
Childhood Genderidentity Disorder Interventions
180
Reparative Therapies Conversion Therapies and Transformational Ministries
181
Gay Affirmative Therapy
182
Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Therapies
185
Behavioral Therapy
188
Reparative Therapies and Transformational Ministries
189
Predictors for Successful Intervention
191

Nonheterosexual Nonlesbigay Adults
23
Nonheterosexual Nonlesbigay Adolescents
25
Gender Identity Disordered Children
28
Parents and Potential Parents
31
Healthcare Providers
33
NonHealth Care Providers and Religious Groups
36
NonHeterosexual Political Movement
39
Medical and Mental Health Professional Organizations
42
Stakeholders Principles Summarized
44
Beneficence
45
NonMaleficence
46
Locus of Decision Making
47
MORALLY RELEVANT FACTS AND FICTIONS
49
HOMOSEXUAL INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE
51
Behavior and Identity
53
Kinsey and Company
56
Sexology After Kinsey
59
Recent Surveys
60
Prevalence by Social and Demographic Group
64
Stability of Sexual Orientation
65
Summary
66
CROSS CULTURAL SEXUALITY
67
Conceptual Refinements
70
AgeStructured SameSex Practice
71
GenderTransformed SameSex Practice
73
Role of ClassSpecialized SameSex Practice
74
Gay and Lesbian Egalitarian SameSex Practices
75
Impact of CrossCultural Issues
76
BISEXUALITY
79
Fluidity
80
Typologies
83
Philosophy of Bisexual Identity
84
Philosophy of Bisexual Orientation
86
HETEROSEXISM HOMOGATIVITY AND HOMOPHOBIA
91
Heterosexism
92
Biology of Homophobia
96
Rationalization of Homophobia
98
Internalized Homophobia
99
Social Costs of Homophobia
101
THE ESSENTIALISTS AND SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISTS
107
Essentialism
111
Essentialism Social Constructionism and Medicine
114
A BIOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION
119
Biological Models
120
Direct Models
121
Indirect Models
122
The Unsupported Paradigm
123
Hormonal Hypotheses
124
Human Prenatal Hormone Abnormalities
126
Immune Hypothesis
129
Neuroanatomy
130
Genetics
131
Ecological Genetics
135
Infectious Hypothesis
137
A PSYCHOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION
141
Psychoanalysis
144
Rado Bieber Socarides
154
Reparative and Conversion Therapies
161
Learning Theory and Behavioral Therapy Models
164
The Addiction Compulsive Models of Homosexuality
166
Homosexuality as Disease
168
Genderidentity Disorders
169
SEXUAL REORIENTATION INTERVENTIONS
173
Psychodynamic and Psychoanalytic Interventions
174
Behavioral Therapies
176
12 Step programs for SexAddiction
177
Surgical Interventions
178
THE PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
195
QUEER PHILOSOPHY
207
IDENTITY EVOLUTION AND THE HISTORICAL HOMOSEXUAL
209
Evolution and Primates
210
Family Institution
212
The Middle Ages
229
The Enlightenment
235
Implications for Homosexuality
239
A Queer Century Summarized
245
Queering the Future
246
The Twentieth Century in Review
247
QUEER THEORY
249
The Genesis of Queer as a Theory
251
Foucault
252
From Ancient to Modern Alliances
253
The Queering of Identities
259
The Postmodern Homosexual
261
Queer Skepticism
264
Mental Health and Queer Theory
267
HOMOSEXUAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
269
General Conceptions of Identity
270
Identity and SelfConcept
271
Homosexual IdentityTheory
272
Homosexual Identity as Childhood Outcome
275
Cass Six Stages of Gay Identity Development
277
Identity Confusion
278
Identity Tolerance
279
Identity Pride
280
Critique of Cass Stages of Homosexual Identity Development
281
Homophobia and the Normative Ideal
288
Summary of Criticism of Cass Model
290
BIOETHICS
291
BIOETHICS AND SUBSTITUTED JUDGMENT
293
Parents and their Offspring
294
Providers and Policy Makers
297
BIOETHICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
301
Stem Cell Research
304
Human Cloning
306
Genetic Screening for Desired Traits
308
BIOETHICS AND RELIGION
315
Religion and Sexuality
317
BIOETHICS OF SEXUAL SHAME
321
Case Shaming as Abuse
328
Childhood Sexual Contact
330
Ethics of Shame
331
Societal
333
Individual
334
Psychotherapy
336
Implications for Sexual Reorientation Interventions
337
BIOETHICS AND PSYCHIATRY
339
Postmodern Psychiatry
342
ValueSensitive Therapy
346
The Homosexual Rabbi
349
The Therapists Dilemma
352
BIOETHICAL ANALYSIS
357
POSTMODERN BIOETHICS
359
Postmodern Bioethics
361
Principlists
365
Bioethical Analysis of Sexual Reorientation Interventions
369
Misinformation Language and Conceptual Distortions
372
Bioethical Analysis of the Professional Policies
378
A Model Policy for Professional Organizations
380
Two Principlist Models for the Individual Clinician
382
The Final Analysis
388
REFERENCES
399
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