Bartók and His World

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Peter Laki
Princeton University Press, 1995 - Biography & Autobiography - 314 pages
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Béla Bartók, who died in New York fifty years ago this September, is one of the most frequently performed twentieth-century composers. He is also the subject of a rapidly growing critical and analytical literature. Bartók was born in Hungary and made his home there for all but his last five years, when he resided in the United States. As a result, many aspects of his life and work have been accessible only to readers of Hungarian. The main goal of this volume is to provide English-speaking audiences with new insights into the life and reception of this musician, especially in Hungary.

Part I begins with an essay by Leon Botstein that places Bartók in a large historical and cultural context. László Somfai reports on the catalog of Bartók's works that is currently in progress. Peter Laki shows the extremes of the composer's reception in Hungary, while Tibor Tallián surveys the often mixed reviews from the American years. The essays of Carl Leafstedt and Vera Lampert deal with his librettists Béla Balázs and Melchior Lengyel respectively. David Schneider addresses the artistic relationship between Bartók and Stravinsky.

Most of the letters and interviews in Part II concern Bartók's travels and emigration as they reflected on his personal life and artistic evolution. Part III presents early critical assessments of Bartók's work as well as literary and poetic responses to his music and personality.

  

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Contents

Bartók Modernism and the Cultural Politics of TwentiethCentury Music
3
Why Is a Bartók Thematic Catalog Sorely Needed?
64
Poetic Criticism and Critical Poetry about Bartók in Hungary
79
Bartóks Reception in America 19401945
101
The Influence of Maeterlinck and Hebbel on Balazss Bluebeard Drama
119
Melchior Lengyel His Pantomime and His Connections to Bela Bartók
149
Respect Competition Influence and the Hungarian Reaction to Modernism in the 1920s
172
WRITING BY BARTÓK
201
WRITING BEFORE BARTÓK
241
Recollections of Bela Bartók
243
A Change in Style
276
Bartóks Third String Quartet
278
Bartóks Foreign Tour
282
Two Bartók Obituaries
290
A Selection of Poems Inspired by Béla Bartók
296
Index of Names and Compositions
307

A Selection of Letters from Bela Bartók
203
An Interview by Dezsö Kosztolányi
228
List of Contributors
313
Copyright

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