## History of Mathematics, Volume 1Volume I of an unusually clear and readable two-volume history — from Egyptian papyri and medieval maps to modern graphs and diagrams. Non-technical chronological survey with thousands of biographical notes, critical evaluations, and contemporary opinions on over 1,100 mathematicians. |

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Offensive tone in this book....

Smith interchangeably uses the terms "primitive savage" and "the lower races." We can understand that primitive peoples would have had a primitive understanding of mathematical concepts, but his use of the term "lower races" is simply ignorant.

### Contents

CHAPTER | 1 |

TIIE PERIOD FROM 1000 B C TO 300 B C | 9 |

THE ORIENT FROM 1000 TO 1500 | 106 |

THE PERIOD FROM 500 TO 1000 | 148 |

lTFJl | 205 |

THE OCCIDENT FROM 1000 TO 1500 | 214 |

THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY | 292 |

New Wonua | 353 |

### Common terms and phrases

16th century Académie des Sciences algebra Almagest ancient Arabic Archimedes arithmetic Aryabhata astrolabe astrology astronomy Bagdad Basel became Berlin Bernoulli Bibi Boethius Bologna Born Brahmagupta calculus calendar Cambridge Cantor chieﬂy China Chinese Chinese mathematics conics contemporary contributions curves deﬁnite developed died in Paris Diophantus early edition Egypt English equations Euclid Euclid’s Elements Europe ﬁgures ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁngers ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂourished France French genius geometry German Greek Greek mathematics hereafter referred Hindu history of mathematics India inﬁnite inﬂuence intellectual interest Italy Johann known later Latin Leibniz Leipzig Leyden Libri logarithms London manuscript Math mathematicians matics mensuration mentioned method Minor Writers Mohammed ibn name also appears native Newton Niirnberg Oxford Paris period philosophy printed probably problems professor of mathematics prominent Ptolemy published Pythagoras relating Rome scholars scientiﬁc showed theory of numbers tion translation treatise trigonometry University various Venice vols written wrote