The Phonology of Romanian: A Constraint-based Approach
This book provides the first systematic descriptive analysis of the phonological system of Romanian, one of the less studied Romance languages, from the perspective of recent phonological theory. The author offers an account of some of the major phonological processes of modern standard Romanian, set in the framework of Optimality Theory and Correspondence Theory. The book begins with an overview of Romanian phonology - segment inventory, phonotactics, inflectional and derivational morphology. The main part of the study focuses on processes involving vocalic segments: glide-vowel and diphthong-vowel alternations, vowel harmony, palatalization. The major issues addressed include feature theory, syllable structure, metrical structure and stress, the interaction between phonology and morphology. Acoustic phonetic data is used as supporting evidence for the phonological patterning of diphthongs and glide-vowel sequences. Interesting complexities of the system are pointed out and discussed, as they pose certain challenges to the theoretical model. The book contains an abundance of systematically organized data, which makes it a solid reference for students and scholars of general and Romance phonology, and a strong basis for further study.
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analysis aperture particles assume C-Place captured chapter clusters coda Coda/u conj conjugation verbs consonant constraint interaction constraint ranking containing coronal coronal consonant DEp-IO derivational desinence vowel diphthongs epenthesis epenthetic glide example fact faithfulness constraint feature feminine nouns final syllable front vowel hiatus resolution high vowel illustrated inflectional labial language lDENT-StSf lexical items lexicon loanwords location of stress low vowels marked pattern markedness masculine MAX-IO(seg McCarthy and Prince metaphony mid vowels monomorphemic mora morphological neuter nouns nouns and adjectives onset output palatalization parse PEAK/la°l phonetic phonological place of articulation plural forms plural marker predicted present primary stress proposed prosodic word representation restrictions RighTmosT Romanian Romanian phonology secondary articulation secondary stress segments singular sonority stem stressed vowel strident suffix surface occurrence syllable onset syllable structure tableau theme vowel third conjugation underlying underlying representation unmarked velars violates vocalic vowel alternations vowel height word-final word-initial word-internal
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