Integrative Action of the Autonomic Nervous System: Neurobiology of Homeostasis (Google eBook)
Almost all bodily functions are dependent on the functioning of the autonomic nervous system - from the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, the evacuative and sexual organs, to the regulation of temperature, metabolism and tissue defence. Balanced functioning of this system is an important basis of our life and well-being. This book gives a detailed description of the cellular and integrative organization of the autonomic nervous system, covering both peripheral and central aspects. It brings to light modern neurobiological concepts that allow understanding of why the healthy system runs so smoothly and why its deterioration has such disastrous consequences. This academic reference volume will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying the neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system within the various biological and medical sciences and will give access to ideas propagated in psychosomatic and alternative medicines.
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action potentials adrenaline afferent neurons arterial baroreceptors arterial blood pressure autonomic nervous system autonomic neurons autonomic pathways autonomic systems axons behavior blood vessels brain stem cardiomotor neurons cardiovascular caudal cell bodies central chemoreceptors colon cutaneous vasoconstrictor neurons CVLM DMNX dorsal effector elicited enteric nervous system excitation excitatory fibers Figure functions ganglia ganglion gastrointestinal tract glands Ha¨bler hypothalamus inhibition inhibitory integration interneurons intestine involved Ja¨nig lamina located mechanisms mediated medulla oblongata motor neurons neural neurons innervating neurons projecting nociceptors noradrenaline nucleus pacemaker parasympathetic paravertebral patterns pelvic organs peptide peripheral physiological plexus postganglionic neurons preganglionic axons receptors reflex pathways regulation release respiratory responses rostral RVLM sacral skeletal muscle skin smooth muscle cells somatic somatomotor spinal autonomic spinal cord stim Subchapter sudomotor sudomotor neurons supraspinal sympathetic neurons sympathetic premotor neurons synaptic inputs telencephalon tion tissue transmission transmitter types urinary bladder vagal afferents varicosities vasodilation ventrolateral medulla
Page 547 - It is the fixity of the milieu interieur which is the condition of free and independent life', he wrote, and 'all the vital mechanisms, however varied they may be, have only one object, that of preserving constant the conditions of life in the internal environment.
Page 16 - ... sclerosis, tabes and syringomyelia, are incurable. The ocular palsies of early tabes, however, are often transient, passing off spontaneously. AFFECTIONS OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM Anatomy. — The sympathetic nervous system forms two gangliated cords which lie, one on each side, immediately in front of the vertebral column, extending from the base of the skull to the coccyx. They are connected above with plexuses entering the cranial cavity, whilst below they converge on the sacrum and...