On the Edge of the Cliff: History, Language, and Practices
The importance of history has been powerfully reaffirmed in recent years by the appearance of major new authors, pathbreaking works, and fresh interpretations of historical events, trends, and methods. Responding to these developments, Roger Chartier engages several of the most influential writers of cultural history whose works have spread far beyond academic audiences to become part of contemporary cultural argument. Challenging the assertion that history is no more than a "fiction-making operation" Chartier examines the relationships between history and fiction and proposes new foundations for establishing history as a specific kind of knowledge. Michel de Certeau's description of Michel Foucault's writings as "on the edge of the cliff," provides Chartier with an image he finds appropriate not only for Foucault but for many other recent historians--including de Certeau. Exploring the relationships between discursive practices and nondiscursive practices, Chartier examines the "heterology" of de Certeau pursues the "chimera of origin" and the causes of the French Revolution in Foucault's work; and raises four pertinent questions for the metahistory of Hayden White. He follows the work of Louis Marin into the distinctions between interpreting a painting and interpreting a text. And a trio of essays treats the historical sociology of Norbert Elias and his work on power and civility. Throughout, Chartier keeps his focus on historians who have stressed the relations between the products of discourse and social practices.
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History between Narrative and Knowledge
Four Questions for Hayden White
History or Knowledge of
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analysis Aries's available in English Bainville Bibliography Bourdieu Cambridge Carlo Ginzburg chapter civilizing process classical concept configuration construction critical cultural discipline domination Editions du Seuil Elias and Dunning Elias's Enlightenment Eric Dunning essay event Fayard fiction figures football foreword forms Francaise France French Revolution functions fundamental Gallimard Hayden White Hence historians historical discourse Historiographical human ideas intellectual Jacques Jacques Le Goff knowledge language linguistic literary Louis Marin McKenzie McKenzie's meaning mechanisms Michel de Certeau Michel Foucault modalities modern sports narrative Norbert Elias notion object operations Paris Philippe Aries philosophical Pierre Pierre Bourdieu political possible postulating practices produced published Quest for Excitement question quotation radical reading reality regime relations representation Roger Chartier social world Society of Individuals sociology specific structure temps de l'histoire tension texts theory thought tion traditional trans transformation translated tropological University Press violence writing