Henge monuments of the British Isles
The later Neolithic henges are a distinctive yet enigmatic class of monument. Taken as indicative of the emerging social complexity of the third millennium BC, they are often seen as the culmination of cultural achievement during this period. Yet little is actually known about these monuments -- their origins, the meanings behind their distinctive layout, the activities undertaken within their perimeters, or indeed their significance to later Neolithic society. Drawing on the full range of data available across the British Isles and on anthropological parallels, the author addresses these questions in a book that will be of interest to anyone wishing to understand Neolithic society.
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Architectures of meaning
Experiencing henge monuments
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associated Aubrey Holes Avebury Balfarg Balfarg Riding School Beaker beliefs and practices British Isles broadly contemporary built causewayed enclosures centre chapter circular classic Cleal colour plate communities complex Coneybury construction Copyright courtesy created cult cursus deposited Devil's Quoits ditch and bank ditch fills Dorset Durrington Walls early Neolithic early third millennium earthworks enclosed entrance evidence excavated flint fourth millennium Grooved Ware henge enclosures henge monuments human bone inner ditch large number later Neolithic layout located massive Maumbury Rings Milfield Milfield North mini-henges Mount Pleasant Neolithic religion Orkney outer bank outer ditch Oxfordshire perhaps pits placed postholes radiocarbon dates religion religious ring ditches River Ure role round barrows routeway segmentary single-grave site's small number social standing stones stone circle Stonehenge Stones of Stenness suggests surrounding landscape symbols third millennium BC Thornborough Thornborough henge timber circles tradition Wainwright 1971 Wessex chalkland whilst Wiltshire Woodhenge worship Yorkshire