Shamanism: The Neural Ecology of Consciousness and Healing (Google eBook)

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Greenwood Publishing Group, Jan 1, 2000 - Body, Mind & Spirit - 309 pages
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Cross-cultural and neuropsychological perspectives on shamanism reveal that it produces an adaptive integrative mode of consciousness. Shamanic altered states of consciousness (ASC) are related to brain organization and processes, showing shamanisM&Apos;s concern with socioemotional and self functions of the paleomammalian brain and cognitive capacities based in presentational symbolism, metaphor, analogy, and mimesis. Integration of cross-cultural and neurological perspectives illustrates homologies which reveal the psychobiological basis of shamanism and soul journeys, guardian spirits, death and rebirth, and other universal forms of shamanic cognition.

Shamanic contributions to sociocultural and cognitive evolution are examined. The integrative mode of consciousness produced by shamanic ASC is related to general brain functions. Specific psychophysiological functions of ASC and their variations cross-culturally are illustrated. Shamanic soul journey, possession, and meditative forms of consciousness are examined from phenomenological, neurological, and epistemological perspectives which reveal them to be innate forms of cognition and practices for manipulating perception, attention, cognition, emotion, self, and identity. Shamanistic healing involves physically and culturally mediated forms of adaptation to stress which are reinforced by procedures eliciting opioid release. Therapeutic effectiveness of shamanistic practices are illustrated by clinical research. Shamanistic healing includes procedures for altering physiological, psychological, and emotional responses. Contemporary spontaneous religious experiences and illness characterized as spiritual emergencies have shamanic roots and illustrate the continued relevance of shamanic paradigms.

  

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Contents

Shamanism and Consciousness An Introduction
1
ANTHROPOLOGY AND THE STUDY OF CONSCIOUSNESS
2
THE NATURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
9
A NEUROPHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH TO CONSCIOUSNESS
23
THE TRIUNE BRAIN
29
PRESENTATIONAL AND REPRESENTATIONAL MODALITIES
38
SUMMARY
52
The Nature and Basis of Shamanism CrossCultural and Neurophenomenological Perspectives
57
MEDITATIVE ASC
163
SUMMARY
187
Physiological Bases of Shamanistic Therapies
191
GENERAL PHYSIOLOGICAL BASES FOR SHAMANISTIC THERAPIES
192
RITUAL EFFECTS ON THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
201
THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF HALLUCINOGENS
209
NEUROTRANSMITTERS PSYCHOINTEGRATORS AND ORGAN1SMIC FUNCTIONING
217
MEDITATION AS THERAPY
223

THE PHENOMENA OF SHAMANISM
58
THE SHAMAN AS AN ETIC PHENOMENON
63
THE SHAMANS INITIATORY CRISIS
78
SOUL FLIGHT AND THE GUARDIAN SPIRIT QUEST
85
SHAMANIC SPIRIT RELATIONS AND SELFTRANSFORMATION
93
SHAMANISM AND PSYCHOCOGNITIVE INTEGRATION
101
SUMMARY
110
Physiological and Phenomenological Bases of Altered States of Consciousness
113
CULTURAL AND ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
115
MODES STATES PHASES AND WARPS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
117
DIFFERENT ASCs IN THE INTEGRATIVE MODE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
124
THE BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF THE INTEGRATIVE MODE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
127
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THE SHAMANS ASC
146
THE MEDIUMS AND POSSESSION ASC
154
SUMMARY
229
Psychophysiological Dynamics of Shamanistic Healing
231
FORMS AND FUNCTIONS
232
MEDICINES SYMBOLIC REALITY
236
NEUROGNOSIS BIOSOCIALIZATION AND SYMBOLIC PENETRATION
243
PSYCHOSOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF SHAMANISTIC AND RELIGIOUS HEALING
251
SHAMANIC ILLNESS AND SPIRITUAL EMERGENCY
262
POSSESSION ILLNESS AND THERAPY
267
MEDITATIVE EFFECTS ON SELF AND EMOTIONS
273
SUMMARY
275
NOTES
276
Bibliography
277
Index
307
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About the author (2000)

MICHAEL WINKELMAN is Senior Lecturer & Director, Ethnographic Field School, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University.

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