The A to Z of the Druzes
The Druzes are one of the smallest, least studied, and most esoteric religious communities in the Middle East. This is because the Druze teachings remain inaccessible not only to outsiders but also to uninitiated members within the Druze community itself. Furthermore, proselytizing-inducing someone to convert to one's own religious faith-has been prohibited since the establishment of the sect in the 11th century. In order to resist assimilation by the various empires and colonial powers that sought to dominate them-the Byzantines, various Arab dynasties, the Mamluks and Ottomans, the British and French, in addition to the nations that govern them-the Druzes disguise and conceal their beliefs. Therefore, not much is known by outsiders about the Druzes. This dictionary provides nearly 1,000 concise and informative cross-referenced A to Z entries on religious, political, and cultural themes, as well as entries on a number of major families and individuals (artists, writers, diplomats, and leaders) who have contributed to the Druze communities. This volume is also complemented with a chronology, an introductory essay, and a bibliography.
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Note on Translation and Transliteration
Acronyms and Abbreviations
About the Author
11th century Abu Shaqra Ahmad al-Hakim al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah al-Sayyid al-Tanukhi Alam al-Din Aleppo American Druze Society Arab army Ayn Dara Baha BANU battle became Beirut Buhturis Cairo caliph Christian conﬂict Damascus Darazi diaspora Druze community Druze doctrine Druze faith Druze families Druze leader Druze manuscripts Druze movement Druze Society ADS Druze tradition Druzism early Egypt Emir epistles Fakhr al-Din al-Ma‘ni Fatimi caliph ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬁve forces Golan Heights Hamza Ibn Hasbaya Hawran HUDUD Husayn Ibrahim imam inﬂuence initiated Islamic Isma‘ili Israel Israeli Jabal al-Duruz Jamal Jordan Kamal Junblat khalwa known later leadership Leba Lebanese Druze luminaries Ma‘ni Mamluks Maronites Middle East migrated Mount Lebanon Muhammad Muslim non-Druze Ottoman Palestine Pasha political prince prominent Prophet Qur’an refer region religious Revolt SA‘B SA‘ID SALIH sect Shakib Arslan shaykh shaykh al-‘aql Shi‘i Shuf spiritual Sultan al-Atrash Suwayda Syria Tanukhi TARIF Tawhid tion town Unitarian uqqal Yamanis YUSEF